Application of Internal Standard to Analysis of the Metal Ni Element in Soils by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Key Laboratory of Environment Optics and Technology Chinese Academy of Sciences, Anhui Province Laboratory of Environment Optics Monitoring Technology, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China.Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu (Impact Factor: 0.29). 04/2012; 32(4):1123-6. DOI: 10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2012)04-1123-04
We quantitatively analyzed the content of the element Ni in the national standard soil samples by the method of X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy through using EDXRF metal experimental platform in ambient environment of the laboratory. Studying the characteristics of X-ray fluorescence of element Ni in the experiment, the calibration curve of element Ni was measured by using the adding internal standard method and the method of how to select the internal standard element was analysed according to the experimental results. The experimental results demonstrate that the matrix suitable element can be selected as the internal standard element to analyse the soil samples; using Pb L(alpha) line, Cu, Fe and K(alpha) lines as internal standard lines, the relative deviation of element from the standard value is 6.24%, 5.24% and 5.22%, which indicates that selecting the appropriate characteristic line of the matrix major element as the internal standard line can effectively improve measurement accuracy of the results.
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ABSTRACT: The present paper established a mathematical model, according to the structure of the end-window transmission micro X-ray tube anode. And we discussed the relationship between the average thickness of electron beam targeting and the high voltage. Also we obtained the spectral intensity distribution characteristics of the emitted X-ray on the angle, meanwhile by the use of Monte Carlo, the authors simulated the intensity distribution characteristics of the spectrum in the direction of 2pi. The results show that the average thickness of the micro X-ray tube anode target is about 2 microm, and we can get much better single-energy spectrum in the vertical direction of the incident electron beam within a few degrees. These conclusions have some theoretical significance for the structural design of the micro X-ray tube and the emitted spectrum monochrome applications.
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ABSTRACT: The present paper discusses the influence of matrix effect on measurement results when portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analyzer is used for the determination of Ni in soil. Based on the scattered X-ray intensity of WL(alpha) emitted from the X-ray tube on the sample, a correction method was proposed, and it combines with the correction of absorption element, which can effectively overcome the matrix effect. The correlation coefficient of the content prediction model based on this method is 0.999 and the residual standard deviation is 2.541. The average relative error is 3.90 when the content prediction model is used to measure the content of Ni in the national standard soil samples, so the results coincide well with standard values, and the precision is high.
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