Emission lines of Fe X in active region spectra obtained with the Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Research Telescope and Spectrograph

Department of Physics, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.11). 09/2008; 389(2):939 - 948. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13615.x
Source: arXiv


Fully relativistic calculations of radiative rates and electron impact excitation cross-sections for Fe x are used to derive theoretical emission-line ratios involving transitions in the 174–366 Å wavelength range. A comparison of these with solar active region observations obtained during the 1989 and 1995 flights of the Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Research Telescope and Spectrograph (SERTS) reveals generally very good agreement between theory and experiment. Several Fe x emission features are detected for the first time in SERTS spectra, while the 3s23p5 2P3/2--3s23p4(1S)3d 2D3/2 transition at 195.32 Å is identified for the first time (to our knowledge) in an astronomical source. The most useful Fe x electron density (Ne) diagnostic line ratios are assessed to be 175.27/174.53 and 175.27/177.24, which both involve lines close in wavelength and free from blends, vary by factors of 13 between Ne= 108 and 1011 cm−3, and yet show little temperature sensitivity. Should these lines not be available, then the 257.25/345.74 ratio may be employed to determine Ne, although this requires an accurate evaluation of the instrument intensity calibration over a relatively large wavelength range. However, if the weak 324.73 Å line of Fe x is reliably detected, the use of 324.73/345.74 or 257.25/324.73 is recommended over 257.25/345.74. Electron densities deduced from 175.27/174.53 and 175.27/177.24 for the stars Procyon and α Cen, using observations from the Extreme-Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE) satellite, are found to be consistent and in agreement with the values of Ne determined from other diagnostic ratios in the EUVE spectra. A comparison of several theoretical extreme-ultraviolet Fe x line ratios with experimental values for a θ-pinch, for which the plasma parameters have been independently determined, reveals reasonable agreement between theory and observation, providing some independent support for the accuracy of the adopted atomic data.

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