Halo concentration and the dark matter power spectrum

Department of Physics, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.11). 03/2003; 340(4):1199 - 1204. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06372.x
Source: arXiv


We explore the connection between halo concentration and the dark matter power spectrum using the halo model. We fit halo
model parameters to non-linear power spectra over a large range of cosmological models. We find that the non-linear evolution
of the power spectrum generically prefers the concentration at non-linear mass scale to decrease with the effective slope
of the linear power spectrum, in agreement with the direct analysis of the halo structure in different cosmological models.
Using these analyses, we compute the predictions for the non-linear power spectrum beyond the current resolution of N-body simulations. We find that the halo model predictions are generically below the analytical non-linear models, suggesting
that the latter may overestimate the amount of power on small scales.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In two recent papers, we developed a powerful technique to link the distribution of galaxies to that of dark matter haloes by considering halo occupation numbers as function of galaxy luminosity and type. In this paper we use these distribution functions to populate dark matter haloes in high-resolution N-body simulations of the standard LCDM cosmogony with Omega_m=0.3 and sigma_8=0.9. Stacking simulation boxes of 100 Mpc/h and 300 Mpc/h with 512^3 CDM particles each we construct Mock Galaxy Redshift Surveys out to a redshift of z=0.2. We use these mock surveys to investigate various clustering statistics. The projected correlation functions for galaxies with different luminosities and types match the observations well on scales larger than about 3 Mpc/h. On smaller scales, however, the model overpredicts the clustering power by about a factor two. Furthermore, the model predicts pairwise velocity dispersions (PVD) that are about 400 km/s too high at projected pair separations of ~1 Mpc/h. A strong velocity bias in massive haloes can reduce the predicted PVD to the observed level, but does not help to resolve the over-prediction of clustering power on small scales. Consistent results can be obtained within the standard LCDM model only when the mass-to-light ratio of clusters is almost twice the observed value. Alternatively, a LCDM model with sigma_8=0.75 can also reproduce the observational results. Comment: Replaced to match version accepted for publication in MNRAS. Numerous additions and modifications. Main conclusions remain unchanged
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2003 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We use numerical simulations in a Lambda CDM cosmology to model density profiles in a set of 16 dark matter haloes with resolutions of up to 7 million particles within the virial radius. These simulations allow us to follow robustly the formation and evolution of the central cusp over a large mass range of 10^11 to 10^14 M_sun, down to approximately 0.5% of the virial radius, and from redshift 5 to the present. The cusp of the density profile is set at redshifts of 2 or greater and remains remarkably stable to the present time, when considered in non-comoving coordinates. We fit our haloes to a 2 parameter profile where the steepness of the asymptotic cusp is given by gamma, and its radial extent is described by the concentration, c_gamma. In our simulations, we find gamma = 1.4 - 0.08Log(M/M_*) for haloes of 0.01M_* to 1000M_*, with a large scatter of gamma ~ +/-0.3$; and c_gamma = 8*M/M_*^{-0.15}, with a large M/M_* dependent scatter roughly equal to +/- c_gamma. Our redshift zero haloes have inner slope parameters ranging approximately from r^{-1} to r^{-1.5}, with a median of roughly r^{-1.3}. This 2 parameter profile fit works well for all our halo types, whether or not they show evidence of a steep asymptotic cusp. We also model a cluster in power law cosmologies of P ~ k^n (n=0,-1,-2,-2.7). We find larger concentration radii and shallower cusps for steeper n. The minimum resolved radius is well described by the mean interparticle separation. The trend of steeper and more concentrated cusps for smaller $M/M_*$ haloes clearly shows that dwarf sized Lambda CDM haloes have, on average, significantly steeper density profiles within the inner few percent of the virial radius than inferred from recent observations. Code to reproduce this profile can be downloaded from
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2004 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study the effects of halo substructure and a distribution in the concentration parameter of haloes on large-scale structure statistics. The effects on the power spectrum and bispectrum are studied on the smallest scales accessible from future surveys. We compare halo-model predictions with results based on N-body simulations, but also extend our predictions to 10-kpc scales which will be probed by future simulations. We find that weak-lensing surveys proposed for the coming decade can probe the power spectrum on small enough scales to detect substructure in massive haloes. We discuss the prospects of constraining the mass fraction in substructure in view of partial degeneracies with parameters such as the tilt and running of the primordial power spectrum.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Show more