Adsorption kinetic, thermodynamic and desorption studies of phosphate onto hydrous niobium oxide prepared by reverse microemulsion method

Adsorption (Impact Factor: 1.77). 08/2010; 16(3):173-181. DOI: 10.1007/s10450-010-9220-7


A type of Nb2O5⋅3H2O was synthesized and its phosphate removal potential was investigated in this study. The kinetic study, adsorption isotherm,
pH effect, thermodynamic study and desorption were examined in batch experiments. The kinetic process was described by a pseudo-second-order
rate model very well. The phosphate adsorption tended to increase with a decrease of pH. The adsorption data fitted well to
the Langmuir model with which the maximum P adsorption capacity was estimated to be 18.36mg-P g−1. The peak appearing at 1050cm−1 in IR spectra after adsorption was attributed to the bending vibration of adsorbed phosphate. The positive values of both
ΔH° and ΔS° suggest an endothermic reaction and increase in randomness at the solid-liquid interface during the adsorption. ΔG° values obtained were negative indicating a spontaneous adsorption process. Aphosphate desorbability of approximately 68%
was observed with water at pH12, which indicated a relatively strong bonding between the adsorbed phosphate and the sorptive
sites on the surface of the adsorbent. The immobilization of phosphate probably occurs by the mechanisms of ion exchange and
physicochemical attraction. Due to its high adsorption capacity, this type of hydrous niobium oxide has the potential for
application to control phosphorus pollution.

KeywordsAdsorption-Hydrous niobium oxide-Phosphate-Desorption

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