Effects of role division, interaction, and shared mental model on team performance in project-based learning environment

ArticleinAsia Pacific Education Review 12(2):301-310 · May 2011with11 Reads
Impact Factor: 0.84 · DOI: 10.1007/s12564-010-9142-9


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the cognitive mechanism of project-based learning teams of college students on
    the basis of the Shared Mental Model (SMM) theory. The study participants were 237 female college students in Korea organized
    into 51 project teams. To test the study hypotheses, a structural equation modeling was employed. The major study findings
    are as follows: (1) As hypothesized, member interaction was a strong predictor both for team-related and for task-related
    SMM. (2) The level of the team’s division of labor reduced the member interactions. (3) Team-related and task-related SMMs
    were positively associated with team performance. The theoretical and practical implications based on these results are discussed.

    KeywordsShared mental model–Role division–Team performance