HAIRY POLYP on the dorsum of the tongue – detection and comprehension of its possible dinamics

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, (Ramiro Barcelos, 2350), Porto Alegre, RS, (900350-903), Brazil.
Head & Face Medicine (Impact Factor: 0.85). 06/2012; 8(1):19. DOI: 10.1186/1746-160X-8-19
Source: PubMed


The formation of a Hairy Polyp on the dorsum of the tongue is a rare condition that may hinder vital functions such as swallowing and breathing due to mechanical obstruction. The authors present the situation on a child with an approach of significant academic value.
Imaging diagnostics with the application of a topical oral radiocontrastant was used to determine the extent of the tumor. Performed treatment was complete excision and diagnostics was confirmed with anatomopathological analysis.
The patient was controlled for five months and, showing no signs of relapse, was considered free from the lesion.
Accurate diagnostics of such a lesion must be performed in depth so that proper surgical treatment may be performed. The imaging method proposed has permitted the visualization of the tumoral insertion and volume, as well as the comprehension of its threatening dynamics.

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Available from: Bruno Hochhegger, Feb 22, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Hairy polyps (HPs), dermoids or teratoid tumors are rare tumors of naso-oropharyngeal region which commonly present at or shortly after birth. The etiology and classification of these tumors is still debatable and categorized by different authors differently. HPs have female predominance and usually present with respiratory and feeding problems. Microscopically, the polyp is covered by skin with underlying mesenchymal core. The aim of this study is to describe the clinicopathological features of Hairy polyps on a cohort of cases. We reviewed the surgical pathology database of our institution for last 10 years and retrieved four cases of hairy polyps. The age of patients ranged from 1 month to 18 years (mean = 12 years), with a female to male ratio of 1:3. Two of our cases presented at birth and two cases in late teens. Two of the HPs were located in nasopharynx, one on soft and hard palate and one on lower lip. One case was associated with bifurcation of tongue. Size of the polyps ranged from 2.3 to 4.5 cm (mean = 3 cm). Histologically, all HPs were lined by skin and the underlying core consisted of adnexal structures, adipocytes, skeletal muscle, smooth muscle and seromucinous glands. Lymphoid aggregates, cartilage and bone were seen in one case each. Our series highlights the diverse nature of this entity in terms of age of presentation and location. HP at lower lip and associated bifurcation of tongue has not been previously reported. We observed a male predominance in contrast to the published literature. However, number of cases is too few to read a definite conclusion on this point. The etiology is still controversial and includes congenital malformation and activation of pluripotent stem cells.
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    ABSTRACT: This review presents a comprehensive and updated overview of bigerminal choristomas (hairy polyps) of naso-oropharynx/oral cavity, and discusses the controversies related to nosology and origin from a clinico-embryologic perspective. English-language texts of the last 25 years (January 1989-January 2014) were collected from the PubMed/MEDLINE database using the given keywords. Of the 330 records, 64 full-text articles (mostly case reports/series) were selected, incorporating clinical data from 78 patients, after screening through duplicates and the given exclusion criteria. With the available evidence, hairy polyps appear more common than generally believed, and are increasingly being recognized as an important, often-missed cause of respiratory distress and feeding difficulty in neonates and infants. Such a child without any apparent cause should be examined with flexible nasopharyngoscope to specifically look for hairy polyps which might be life-threatening, especially when small. The female preponderance as believed today has been found to be an overestimation in this review. These lesions are characteristically composed of mature ectodermal and mesodermal tissue derivatives presenting as heterotopic masses, hence termed choristoma. However, little is known about their origin, and whether they are developmental malformations or primitive teratomas is debatable. Involvement of Eustachian tube and tonsils as predominant subsites and the speculated molecular embryogenesis link hairy polyps to the development of the first and second pharyngeal arches. They are exceptionally rare in adults, but form a distinct entity in this age-group and could be explained as delayed pluripotent cell morphogenesis or focal neoplastic malformations, keeping with the present-day understandings of the expanded "teratoma family".
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology