Road Map towards an integrated energy management system in Italy
Directive 28/2009/CE illustrates the European Road Map for energy to fight climate change and promote renewable energy. Such a directive contains a well-defined normative frame imposing final targets at 2020 and designing an indicative trajectory towards the achievement of obligatory targets for EU Member States. Each European Member State can find in the directive the rules for managing and transposing the targets into national laws. Reaching the indicated targets might be extremely complex and expensive if the Member State does not use an Integrated Energy Management System. In this article, we present a detailed Energy Road Map for Italy taking in account both energy saving and development of renewables. Different strategic options are discussed to identify realistic targets capable to meet at 2020 the constraints which bind Italy to produce 17% renewable energy for final gross consumption, with 10% of renewable energy for transportation, following a well-defined trajectory that starts from the quote of 5.2% in 2005. Our Road Map is then compared with the National Action Plan to highlight the problems, inherent to the Plan's objectives, which are likely to lead Italy to a deficit of about 4 MTEP (million tonnes of oil equivalent) of renewable energy that should thus be imported.
Available from: Pranvera Lazo
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ABSTRACT: This work describes a comparative analysis of environmental sediment samples performed by
means of TXRF and AAS. For a better comparison of the chosen elemental chemical analysis
methods: TXRF and AAS, experimental sample preparation was performed in the same way
dissolving solid samples in solution by microwave acid digestion.
Available from: Nicola Rodella
Available from: Davide Astiaso Garcia
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ABSTRACT: .The main objective of this paper is to present an analytical and easy-to-use method for evaluating the presence of air pollutants in small harbour areas along the Italian shores, and the potential exposure of workers to that risk. The research aims to highlight the possible differences in air quality characterization among different areas and periods of any analysed harbour. Therefore, the proposed method foresees a seasonal monitoring of some atmospheric pollutants within examined ports, identifying wherever possible the main source of air pollution for each zone. In particular, to pinpoint the most critical areas, the methodology foresees the monitoring of concentrations for some selected pollutants such as volatile organic compounds, particular matter and benzene. The methodology, developed within the framework of a research project supported by the Regional Authority of Lazio, has been tested in four pilot port areas. The acquired results point out that air pollutant concentrations could significantly diverge among different areas and periods of a single harbour and, consequentially, the evaluation of the results allows a spatial and temporal comparison of pollutants concentrations in each portal zone. Thus, the described method represents a useful tool for local administrations to plan best practices and the use of the best available technologies for impact mitigation, with the final goal of reducing air pollution in the most critical portal zones.
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