Adsorption of antimony(V) on kaolinite as a function of pH, ionic strength and humic acid

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanxi Datong University, 037009 Datong, China
Environmental Earth Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.77). 04/2009; 60(4):715-722. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-009-0209-z


The present work investigated the adsorption and mobility (desorption) of Sb(V) on kaolinite using batch experiments. The adsorption of Sb(V) on kaolinite was studied as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength, humic acid (HA), initial Sb(V) concentration and temperature. Kinetic studies suggest that the equilibrium is achieved within 24 h. The adsorption of Sb(V) was strongly affected by changes in I at low ionic strength and unaffected at high ionic strength. The adsorption is weakly dependent on the presence of humic acid, but is strongly dependent on pH. Within the range tested, the optimal pH for Sb(V) adsorption is 3.6, and close to 75% removal can be achieved. Desorption is dependent on the original suspension pH. The addition sequence of Sb(V)/HA do not influence the adsorption of Sb(V) on kaolinite. The adsorption data fit both the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH
0, ΔS
0 and ΔG
0) were calculated from the temperature dependence, and the results suggest the endothermic and spontaneous nature of the process.

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Available from: Jianhong Xi, Apr 29, 2015
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