Article

Cultural Orientation and Attitudes Toward Different Forms of Whistleblowing: A Comparison of South Korea, Turkey, and the U.K.

Journal of Business Ethics (Impact Factor: 1.33). 10/2008; 82(4):929-939. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-007-9603-1
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT

This article reports the findings of a cross-cultural study that explored the relationship between nationality, cultural orientation,
and attitudes toward different ways in which an employee might blow the whistle. The study investigated two questions – are
there any significant differences in the attitudes of university students from South Korea, Turkey and the U.K. toward various
ways by which an employee blows the whistle in an organization?, and what effect, if any, does cultural orientation have on
these attitudes? In order to answer these questions, the study identified six dimensions of whistleblowing and four types
of cultural orientation. The survey was conducted among 759 university students, who voluntarily participated; 284 South Korean,
230 Turkish, and 245 U.K. Although all three samples showed a preference for formal, anonymous and internal modes of whistleblowing,
there were significant variations related to nationality and cultural orientation. The findings have some key implications
for organizational practice and offer directions for future research.

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    • "Few studies have examined whistleblowing in Turkey. Park et al (2008) found significant variations related to nationality and cultural orientation among university students from South Korea, Turkey, and the U.K. They recommended that future researchers study further the connection between cultural orientation and preference for whistleblowing modes. Nayir and Herzig (2012) found that besides cultural differences, ethical differences (being idealist or relativist) also influence decision-making for whistleblowing. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines relationships between religiosity and value orientation of teachers, and preference for whistleblowing modes. Three hypotheses were developed, and tested related to the relationships between utilitarianism, religiosity, Machiavellianism and preference for various forms of whistleblowing. To analyse the data obtained from a sample of 271 teachers in Turkey, descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test, and regression analysis were used. According to the results, teachers prefer internal and identified whistleblowing. Religiosity affects teachers’ preference for internal reporting in a positive way, while Machiavellianism and utilitarianism do not. No relationship was found between the teachers' values and preference for modes of whistleblowing. Examining religiosity, ethical ideology and whistleblowing in an education context in Turkey, this study contributes an Islamic perspective to the literature concerning whistleblowing. © 2015, Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
    • "Toughness is common in assertive and masculine cultures (Aditya & House, 2002; Hofstede, 1998), 'cultures of honor' such as the American South (Cohen, Nisbett, Bowdle, & Schwarz, 1996), and military occupations (Godfrey et al., 2012). Lastly, wariness is common in high-power distance (Park et al., 2008) and secretive cultures (Costas & Grey, 2014). We surmise that these four cultural beliefs are related to individual adherence to organizational norms. "
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    ABSTRACT: We introduce the concept of cultural beliefs about questionable conduct, and examine how these beliefs interact with stigma consciousness to influence punishment and two withdrawal behaviors: turnover and absenteeism. We used a sample of Mexican police officers in a border city and implemented a mixed method design, paying attention to the national, occupational, and organizational context of this setting. We conducted a qualitative phase to explore the prevalence and meaning of occupational stigma and four cultural beliefs about questionable conduct: greed, toughness, wariness, and savvy. The results of this phase helped us develop a context-relevant measure of cultural beliefs about questionable conduct using Mexican proverbs. The results of the quantitative phase indicated that, contingent upon stigma consciousness, beliefs about questionable conduct affected received punishment, turnover, and absenteeism. We discuss the theoretical and behavioral implications of our findings for socialization, identity management, occupational stigma, corruption, and ethical behavior.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Organization Studies
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    • "farklı veri toplama aracı kullanılmıştır. Araştırmaya katılanların demografik özellikleri belirlendikten sonra, birinci bölümde öğretmenlere haber uçurma türlerini ortaya çıkarmak amacıyla Toker Gökçe'nin (2013a, 2013b, 2013c) Park ve arkadaşlarından (2008) yararlanarak oluşturduğu on üç maddelik bir anket sunulmuştur. 5'li Likert ölçeğine göre hazırlanan bu ankette bilgiyi uçurmada resmi-resmi olmayan; içe-dışa doğru ve kimliğini açıklayarak-saklayarak bilgi uçurma biçimlerine ilişkin çeşitli ifadeler yer almaktadır. "
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    ABSTRACT: Whistle-blowing means disclosing of illegal or immoral practices in organizations to persons who would able to fix that action. This research aims to identify the relationship between the teachers’ cultural values and their possible whistle-blowing intentions. The research was designed as scanning model. The research group includes 246 teachers 61% of which was female and 39% of which was male. The instruments were constructed by the literature. The results revealed that the teachers would blow whistle externally, identified, and informally when that would observe sexual abuse, bribery, and theft. The teachers had collectivism cultural value more than the other one. Lastly, there was positive significant relationship between the cultural value and the choice of whistle blowing. / Bilgi uçurma örgüt içinde ortaya çıkan yasa dışı veya etik dışı eylemlerin, durumu düzeltebilecek birilerine haber verilmesidir. Bu araştırma, öğretmenlerin sahip oldukları kültürel değerler ile olası bilgi uçurma tercihleri arasında bir ilişki olup olmadığını belirlemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Araştırma tarama modeline göre desenlenmiştir. Çalışma grubunu, İstanbul’da görev yapan 246 öğretmen oluşturmaktadır. Katılımcıların % 61'i kadın ve % 39'u erkektir. Veri toplama araçları alanyazından elde edilmiştir. Analiz sonunda öğretmenlerin cinsel taciz, rüşvet ve hırsızlık olaylarına tanık olduklarında, dışa, kimliğini açıklayarak resmi olmayan yollarla bilgi uçurabilecekleri ortaya çıkmaktadır. Öğretmenler toplulukçu kültürel değere daha yüksek düzeyde sahiptir. Son olarak kültürel değerler ile bilgi uçurma tercihleri arasında pozitif yönde anlamlı ilişkinin olduğu belirlenmiştir.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015
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