Abstract—The phrase,‘May you,live in interesting,times’ links well with,the sub-discipline of landscape ecology. Recent research in landscape ecology and associated disciplines (for example, con- servation,biology) provides,significant challenges,to the traditional conceptions of wilderness and conservation science, and may in part reflect upon,our view of contemporary,society as being character- ized by complexity,and,uncertainty. Four selected implications,of landscape,ecology research,for wilderness,advocates,and managers are identified and described. These issues relate to the importance ofecological processes in ecosystem functioning, the existence of multiple spatial and temporal scales in landscapes, the integration of the natural and social realms, and unpredictabilityand lack of understanding,of ecological patterns,and,processes. While there are many,ramifications,of these four issues for wilderness,conser - vation, there are also broader implications of landscape ecology’s conceptualization of nature,and conservation. A parallel movement inconceptualizing society,and,nature,as self-organizing systems characterized,by disturbance,and,complexity,in the natural,and social sciences is also discussed. Both these disciplinary and trans- disciplinary findings will significantly affect the social functions and management,of wilderness in the future.