As the previous chapter indicates, there has been a significant shift in advanced economies from manufacturing to information
and knowledge services. Knowledge itself is growing ever more specialized and expanding exponentially. Information and communication
technology is transforming the nature of how work is conducted and the meaning of social relationships. Decentralized decision
making, information sharing, teamwork, and innovation are key in today’s enterprises. No longer can students look forward
to middle class success in the conduct of manual labor or use of routine skills – work that can be accomplished by machines.
Rather, whether a technician or a professional person, success lies in being able to communicate, share, and use information
to solve complex problems, in being able to adapt and innovate in response to new demands and changing circumstances, in being
able to marshal and expand the power of technology to create new knowledge, and in expanding human capacity and productivity.