An Exploratory Study of Emotional Intelligence and Domestic Abuse

University of British Columbia
Journal of Family Violence (Impact Factor: 1.17). 09/2004; 19(5):255-267. DOI: 10.1023/B:JOFV.0000042076.21723.f3


To date, there is no literature specifically addressing the relationship between spousal battering and emotional intelligence, a concept that captures the success, or lack thereof, of a person''s functioning in their immediate environment. Forty-four men convicted of spousal assault and 76 undergraduate students completed the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i; R. Bar-On, BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory: User''s Manual, Multi-Health Systems, Inc., Toronto, 1997), the Propensity for Abusiveness Scale (PAS; D. G. Dutton, J. Fam. Violence 10(2): 203–221, 1995), and the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (D. Paulhus, J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 46: 598–609, 1984; Assessing Self-Deception and Impression Management in Self-Reports: The Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding, Unpublished manual, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, 1988; In Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp. 17–59, 1991). Results of this exploratory study indicate that batterers score significantly lower than the general population on all components of EQ-i. Additionally EQ-i total and subscale scores for both samples correlate negatively and significantly with scores on PAS, suggesting that deficits in various components of emotional intelligence are related to an increase in the propensity to be abusive. Implications for batterer treatment are discussed.

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    • "He discussed this concept includes aspects of emotional, personal and social intelligence. According to this view, people with high emotional intelligence, effectively understand themselves and others, can establish a good relationship with others and are able to adapt and deal appropriately with their immediate environment (Winters et al, 2004). Bar-on (2006) in a recent review of his model has called the recent concept as "social-emotional intelligence". "

    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences
    • "Emotional intelligence (EI), a relatively new concept with increasing popularity in the clinical literature (Schutte et al. 2007), bears consideration in understanding partner aggression. Building on past findings demonstrating EI's relationship to general aggression in intimate relationships (Gardner and Qualter 2010; Winters et al. 2004), the current study was undertaken to explore the role of trait-EI as a multidimensional construct in relation to a multifaceted conceptualization of aggressive tendencies. Examining multiple facets of both EI and aggressive tendencies was expected to offer a clearer understanding of the linkages between these two domains as a possible basis for refining treatment of male domestic violence offenders. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to identify the role of six facets of trait-emotional intelligence (EI) in men’s aggressive tendencies toward intimate partners (N = 131). Consistent with past research, hierarchical regression showed emotional self-regulation and empathy were negatively and uniquely predictive of four self-reported aggressive tendencies: physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility. Canonical correlations yielded two distinct patterns of relationships between EI and aggressive tendencies. The first canonical correlation supported an overall negative relationship, especially involving dependent variables anger and hostility. A second canonical correlation revealed higher physical and verbal aggression were associated with higher emotional self-recognition, regulation of others’ emotions, nonverbal emotional expression, and lower empathy. Findings support a multidimensional understanding of EI and aggressive tendencies.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Family Violence
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    • "Sin embargo, no abundan los estudios realizados con población general; por este motivo el presente trabajo pretende evaluar las estrategias de resolución de conflictos en una muestra de población general malagueña para comprobar si se producen diferencias de género en el uso de estrategias de resolución de conflictos. Por otro lado, se ha encontrado que las puntuaciones bajas en inteligencia emocional, en muestras de hombres condenados por violencia de género, correlacionan con la tendencia a tener comportamientos abusivos en la pareja (Winters et al., 2004), por lo que también es relevante comprobar si en muestras de población general se producen diferencias entre hombres y mujeres en inteligencia emocional que pudieran explicar, al menos en parte, el uso de estrategias violenta de resolución de conflictos. En cuanto a los celos, la investigación ha arrojado resultados que indican que se producen diferencias de género en el efecto de la infidelidad de la pareja y, por otro lado se ha encontrado que los celos están presentes en las relaciones abusivas; por lo que también es importante analizar si se producen diferencias de género en los celos. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between emotional intelligence, jealousy and the propensity for abusiveness and violent conflict-solving strategies between couples. The predictive capacity of these variables was analysed in a mixed sample of 294 people. The outcomes show that the variables evaluated are significantly associated with the conflict-solving strategies used by the couple. These strategies have a positive association with jealousy and the propensity for abusiveness, and a negative association with emotional intelligence. Similarly, all the variables analysed had a predictive capacity regarding the conflict-solving strategies, especially the couple’s perception regarding such strategies. These outcomes show the relevance of these variables in predicting violence between couples and are suggestive of interventions for its prevention.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011
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