Article

Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Intimate Partner Aggression Among Newlywed Couples: Longitudinal Prediction of Marital Satisfaction

Journal of Family Violence (Impact Factor: 1.17). 10/2010; 25(7):689-699. DOI: 10.1007/s10896-010-9328-2

ABSTRACT

This study examined associations between physical, psychological, and sexual intimate partner aggression (IPA) perpetration
during the first year of marriage (T1) and victim marital satisfaction one (T2) and two (T3) years later among a sample of
202 newlywed couples. Prevalence rates of all forms of IPA were consistent with those documented in prior research. Higher
levels of all types of IPA generally were associated with lower victim marital satisfaction at all time points, when controlling
for initial levels of satisfaction. Couples who reported severe bidirectional psychological IPA demonstrated lower husband
and wife marital satisfaction at T2 and lower husband satisfaction at T3 than couples who reported husband-only, wife-only,
or no psychological IPA. Analyses examining the relative predictive abilities of all forms of IPA perpetration showed that
psychological IPA was the most consistent unique contributor of victim marital satisfaction. Study findings highlight the
importance of psychological IPA, in addition to physical IPA, in examinations of correlates of marital satisfaction.

KeywordsPartner abuse-Marital satisfaction-Physical aggression-Psychological aggression-Sexual aggression

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Available from: David DiLillo
    • "One likely mediator is relationship satisfaction, because of well-established associations between psychological aggression and relationship satisfaction. Longitudinal studies have indicated that psychological aggression predicts subsequent lower relationship satisfaction (Panuzio & DiLillo, 2010; Rogge & Bradbury, 1999). Psychological aggression and relationship dissatisfaction appear to have bidirectional effects on one another (Yoon & Lawrence, 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: Physically and psychologically aggressive behaviors between members of a couple often lead to relationship dissatisfaction and dissolution. The current study utilized data from 346 clinical couples to investigate associations between psychological and moderate physical aggression and relationship dissolution, and whether relationship satisfaction acts as a mediator of these associations. Results from two series of Actor-Partner Interdependence Models (APIMs) were considered in which cases of severe aggression were initially removed from the analytic sample and then were included for secondary analyses. The first series of models showed that dyadic physical aggression was a weak predictor of the male partner's steps taken to leave the relationship and was not associated with the female's steps. Dyadic psychological aggression, however, was related to steps taken toward leaving by both partners, accounting for approximately 14% of the variance. Relationship satisfaction mediated associations between physical and psychological partner aggression and steps taken to leave. Findings from the second series of models, including cases of severe aggression, showed a significant association between dyadic physical aggression and the female's steps toward leaving. Moreover, relationship satisfaction no longer fully mediated associations between psychological or physical aggression and relationship dissolution risk. The importance of considering severity of physical partner aggression in research and clinical practice is discussed. © The Author(s) 2015.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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    • "Research in this area has been developed mainly with the Conflict Tactics Scale ( CTS ; personal well - being . In community samples , relationship satisfaction has been inversely associated with psychological aggression ( Panuzio & DiLillo , 2010 ; Schumacher & Leonard , 2005 ; Testa & Leonard , 2001 ). Several stud - ies suggest that psychological aggression correlates with relationship length and general satisfaction with the relationship ( Hammock & O ' Hearn , 2002 ; Stets , 1990 ) and several studies show that young couples are more aggressive during the early stages of marriage or cohabitation , but on average , these couples consider their relationships as satisfactory , an aspect that is compat - ible with the fact that psychological aggression is often bidirectional ( Cuenca , Graña , & Martínez - Arias , 2014 ; Follingstad & Edmundson , 2010 ; Lorber & O ' Leary , 2012 ; Panuzio & DiLillo , 2010 ) . "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines, in a multilevel context, the influence of intensity of love at an individual level on couples' mean reports of psychological and physical aggression in a sample of 2,988 adult couples of both sexes from the Region of Madrid. The percentages of intimate partner aggression considering the highest report of aggression in the couple were around 60% of psychological aggression and 15% of physical aggression. Multilevel models confirm that individuals who were less intensely in love reported a higher level of psychological aggression. Concerning physical aggression, men who declared they were less intensely in love reported a higher level of physical aggression by their partners, but this pattern was not found in the women. Therefore, psychological aggression plays a more relevant role in the intensity of love than physical aggression. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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    • "Downloaded from than physical aggression (Frye & Karney, 2006; O'Leary & Williams, 2006; Panuzio & DiLillo, 2010; Salis et al., 2014; Taft et al., 2006). Moreover, psychological aggression has been associated with reduced marital satisfaction in cross-sectional studies among newlyweds (Schumacher & Leonard, 2005; Testa & Leonard, 2001), and in longitudinal studies of couples in which both partners perpetrated psychological aggression, husbands and wives reported less satisfaction (Panuzio & DiLillo, 2010). Diverse studies even indicate that psychological aggression correlates with the duration of cohabitation and with general satisfaction with the relationship (Hammock & O'Hearn, 2002; Stets, 1990). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study analyzes reciprocal psychological aggression assessed by the Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised (CTS-2) in a sample of 590 adult couples from the Region of Madrid. Psychological aggression is the most frequent form of partner aggression. Results showed high percentages of psychological aggression perpetrated and suffered in men and women and showed significant statistical differences in severe psychological aggression in the case of women. Partner agreement about acts of psychological aggression was significant, albeit at moderate levels. Generalized Hierarchical Linear Models with the HLM-6.0 program were proposed to examine reciprocal psychological aggression. The models confirmed the pattern of reciprocal psychological aggression and also that couples are more aggressive when they are younger. Duration of cohabitation was not a predictor of reciprocal psychological partner aggression.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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