Johan Georg Ræder (1889–1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis

Child s Nervous System (Impact Factor: 1.11). 03/2009; 26(3):373-376. DOI: 10.1007/s00381-009-0965-9


IntroductionJohan Georg Ræder (1889–1959) was the most eminent Norwegian ophthalmologist in the early decades of the last century. Ræder
made significant contributions to our current understanding of glaucoma. He is remembered for a syndrome he described, that
of trigeminal nerve neuralgia and/or paresis and incomplete Horner’s syndrome (oculopupillary sympathetic paresis).

DiscussionHere, Ræder's biography, scientific contributions, and a thorough review of his original report on paratrigeminal sympathetic
paresis are presented. Ræder's syndrome may reflect a lesion of the middle cranial fossa, which involves oculopupillary sympathetic
fibers that originate from the internal carotid artery plexus and travel with the trigeminal and oculomotor nerves.

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