Sanitation for all

Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi.
Nature (Impact Factor: 41.46). 06/2012; 486(7402):185. DOI: 10.1038/486185a
Source: PubMed


Water pollution from sewage is causing great damage to India. The nation
needs to complete its waste systems and reinvent toilet technologies,
says Sunita Narain.

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    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · Nature
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    ABSTRACT: A good place to start with India's problems of poor sanitation (see, for example, (Nature 486, 185; 2012) would be the country's 150-year-old railway network, which carries 30 million passengers every day. Hygienic sanitation technologies have yet to be installed in all passenger coaches. The basic lavatory design throws excreta on…
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Nature
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    ABSTRACT: Urban India is struggling to provide adequate water and sanitation services to its citizens. Open defecation, insufficient wastewater treatment, and mixing of untreated wastewater with stormwater and drinking water supplies are contributing to a severe health and economic crisis. Recent government measures such as the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission and National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP) are steps in the right direction. We exploit the sanitation score awarded to 421 cities under NUSP to identify factors that explain the heterogeneity in city-level scores. Our estimates suggest the higher sanitation scores are partly a result of where cities are located. In addition, population is non-linearly associated with the sanitation score. A split-sample analysis shows smaller cities display characteristics not observed in medium and large cities. This points to a need for customized policy prescriptions for the different classes of cities, preferably designed by municipal governments that go beyond the targets set by the national government.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · SSRN Electronic Journal
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