Sirt1, p53, and p38MAPK Are Crucial Regulators of Detrimental Phenotypes of Embryonic Stem Cells with Max Expression Ablation

Division of Developmental Biology, Saitama Medical University, Hidaka, Saitama, Japan.
Stem Cells (Impact Factor: 6.52). 08/2012; 30(8):1634-44. DOI: 10.1002/stem.1147
Source: PubMed


c-Myc participates in diverse cellular processes including cell cycle control, tumorigenic transformation, and reprogramming of somatic cells to induced pluripotent cells. c-Myc is also an important regulator of self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We recently demonstrated that loss of the Max gene, encoding the best characterized partner for all Myc family proteins, causes loss of the pluripotent state and extensive cell death in ESCs strictly in this order. However, the mechanisms and molecules that are responsible for these phenotypes remain largely obscure. Here, we show that Sirt1, p53, and p38(MAPK) are crucially involved in the detrimental phenotype of Max-null ESCs. Moreover, our analyses revealed that these proteins are involved at varying levels to one another in the hierarchy of the pathway leading to cell death in Max-null ESCs.

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Available from: Yutaka Nakachi, Feb 27, 2015
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    • "The fact that these genes are generally not strongly expressed in non-pluripotent cells, except for partial iPSCs, further corroborates this assumption. We [30,49] and others [50-52] have already demonstrated that Myc expression, which plays a central role in supporting the expression of Myc module genes, is crucially important to sustain pluripotency and self-renewality of ESCs. Therefore, we addressed the requirement of Myc expression to sustain the partial iPSC state by generating partial iPSCs in which c-Myc is overexpressed in a Dox-dependent manner. "
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