Microwave-assisted aqueous synthesis of new quaternary-alloyed CdSeTeS quantum dots; And their bioapplications in targeted imaging of cancer cells
College of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200240, People's Republic of China.Luminescence (Impact Factor: 1.52). 05/2013; 28(3). DOI: 10.1002/bio.2395
In this study, we report for the first time a one-pot approach for the synthesis of new CdSeTeS quaternary-alloyed quantum dots (QDs) in aqueous phase by microwave irradiation. CdCl(2) was used as a Cd precursor during synthesis, NaHTe and NaHSe were used as Te and Se precursors and mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) was used as a stabilizer and source of sulfur. A series of quaternary-alloyed QDs of different sizes were prepared. CdSeTeS QDs exhibited a wide emission range from 549 to 709 nm and high quantum yield (QY) up to 57.7 %. Most importantly, the quaternary-alloyed QDs possessed significantly long fluorescence lifetimes > 100 ns as well as excellent photostability. Results of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy showed that the nanocrystals possessed a quaternary alloy structure with good crystallinity. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) showed that QDs possessed good water solubility and monodispersity in aqueous solution. Furthermore, CdSeTeS QDs were modified with alpha-thio-omega-carboxy poly(ethylene glycol) (HS-PEG-COOH) and the modified QDs were linked to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies. QDs with the EGFR antibodies as labeling probes were successfully applied to targeted imaging for EGFR on the surface of SiHa cervical cancer cells. We believe that CdSeTeS QDs can become useful probes for in vivo targeted imaging and clinical diagnosis. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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ABSTRACT: High luminescence quantum yield water-soluble CdTe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) stabilized with thioglycolic acid were synthesized. QDs were chemically coupled to fully humanized antivascular endothelial growth factor165 monoclonal antibodies to produce fluorescent probes. These probes can be used to assay the biological affinity of the antibody. The properties of QDs conjugated to an antibody were characterized by ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry, fluorescent spectrophotometry, sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. Cell-targeted imaging was performed in human breast cancer cell lines. The cytotoxicity of bare QDs and fluorescent probes was evaluated in the MCF-7 cells with an MTT viability assay. The results proved that CdTe/ZnS QD–monoclonal antibody nanoprobes had been successfully prepared with excellent spectral properties in target detections. Surface modification by ZnS shell could mitigate the cytotoxicity of cadmium-based QDs. The therapeutic effects of antivascular endothelial growth factor antibodies towards cultured human cancer cells were confirmed by MTT assay. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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ABSTRACT: The determination of hormone-binding sites in plants is essential in understanding the mechanisms behind hormone function. Salicylic acid (SA) is an important plant hormone that regulates responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In order to label SA-binding sites in plant tissues, a quantum dots (QDs) probe functionalized with a SA moiety was successfully synthesized by coupling CdSe QDs capped with 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) to 4-amino-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (PAS), using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyllaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) as the coupling agent. The probe was then characterized by dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy, as well as UV/vis and fluorescence spectrophotometry. The results confirmed the successful conjugation of PAS to CdSe QDs and revealed that the conjugates maintained the properties of the original QDs, with small core diameters and adequate dispersal in solution. The PAS-CdSe QDs were used to detect SA-binding sites in mung bean and Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings in vitro and in vivo. The PAS-CdSe QDs were effectively transported into plant tissues and specifically bound to SA receptors in vivo. In addition, the effects of the PAS-CdSe QDs on cytosolic Ca(2+) levels in the tips of A. thaliana seedlings were investigated. Both SA and PAS-CdSe QDs had similar effects on the trend in cytosolic-free Ca(2+) concentrations, suggesting that the PAS-CdSe QDs maintained the bioactivity of SA. To summarize, PAS-CdSe QDs have high potential as a fluorescent probe for the in vitro/in vivo labeling and imaging of SA receptors in plants. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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