Adhatoda vasica Nees: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile

The Natural Products Journal 06/2011; 1(29):29-39. DOI: 10.2174/2210316311101010029


Adhatoda vasica Nees (Acanthaceace) is a well known medicinal plant from which certain alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, sterols and their glycoside derivatives have been isolated. Its diverse medicinal activities include cardiovascu-lar protection, abortifacient, antitubercular, antimutagenic, antiulcer, antiasthmatic activities, hepatoprotective, antibacte-rial and antitussive activities. It is commonly used in indigenous and traditional folk medicine system in South-East-Asia. An up-to-date data on phytochemical compositions and pharmacological properties of different parts of Adhatoda vasica are reviewed and commented in this article.

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    • "Justicia adhatoda is a well-known plant used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine (Claeson et al., 2000). A wide range of phytochemical constituents such as vasicine, vasicinone etc have been isolated from J. adhatoda which possess activities like antitussive, abortifacient, antimicrobial, cardiovascular protection, anticholinesterase, anti-inflammatory and other important activities (Singh et al., 2011). There are very few reports in literature which indicate the role of this plant in radical scavenging capacity for the DPPH radical (Srinivasan et al., 2013). "

    Preview · Article · May 2015 · AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
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    • "Traditional dye yielding plants of Tripura, India Scientific name Family Local name Part used Dye colour Dye uses for Active coloring agent Adhatoda vasica (L) Nees. Acanthaceae Basak Leaves Yellow Cotton Adhatodic acid, carotein, lutolin, quercetin (Singh et al. 2011) Alpinia galanga (L) Willd. Zingiberaceae Telbanok juknai sam (Kok) Root stalk Yellowish green Cotton, wool Galangin (Chudiwal et al. 2010) Areca catechu Linn. "
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    ABSTRACT: Sutradhar B, Deb D, Majumdar K, Datta BK. 2015. Traditional dye yielding plants of Tripura, Northeast India. Biodiversitas 16: 121-127. This present paper deals with the survey of traditional dye yielding plants, their ethnobotanical usage and cultural practices by the different ethnic communities of Tripura. Field investigation was carried out in different villages and adjacent forest pockets in South and West district of the State. The ethnobotanical information was collected based on semi-structured questioner, personal interviews and group discussion among the major ethnic communities of Tripura. The study reports a checklist of 39 species of dye yielding plants belonging to 35 genera and 26 families documented along with their vernacular name, habit, parts use. The active colouring agents were also listed for each plant based on earlier reports. Natural dye yielding plants have immense significance in the socioeconomic and socio-cultural life of indigenous ethnic people and if we promote these products in a managed way then efforts towards preservation of traditional knowledge and local biodiversity will be more fruitfully achieved.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015
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    ABSTRACT: A novel protocol for indirect shoot organogenesis of Adhatoda vasica was developed using petiole explants derived from mature shrubby plants. Media with concentrations of cytokinins in combination with auxins were used to induce callus formation in two explants types: petiole and leaf segment. The frequency of callus formation from petiole and leaf segment explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium supplemented with 0.25 mg l(-1) thidiazuron (TDZ) and 0.25 mg l(-1) α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) was 100 ± 0.0 and 83.70 ± 0.52% respectively, while on this medium supplemented with 0.25 mg l(-1) 6-(γ-γ, dimethylallyamino purine) (2iP) and 0.25 mg l(-1) NAA, the callus frequency was 100 ± 0.0 and 96.70 ± 0.67% respectively. The highest shoot regeneration (90.60 ± 0.52%) response and the maximum shoots (8.10 ± 0.28) per callus were achieved from petiole explants on MS medium containing 0.25 mg l(-1) TDZ and 0.25 mg l(-1) NAA. On the contrary, on Schenk & Hildebrandt (SH) basal medium supplemented with 0.25 mg l(-1) TDZ and 0.25 mg l(-1) NAA, the frequency of callus formation from petiole and leaf segment explants was 100 ± 0.0 and 90.50 ± 0.89% respectively while the callus frequency on this medium containing 0.25 mg l(-1) 2iP and 0.25 mg l(-1) NAA was 100 ± 0.0 and 89.90 ± 0.72% respectively. The shoot regeneration frequency for petiole explants was 89.90 ± 0.46% producing 6.00 ± 0.21 shoots per callus on SH basal medium supplemented with 0.25 mg l(-1) TDZ and 0.25 mg l(-1) NAA. Whereas petiole explants could induce 83.70 ± 0.50% shoot regeneration and 7.3 ± 1.05 shoots per callus on SH medium containing 0.25 mg l(-1) indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), 0.5 mg l(-1) 6-benzyladenine (BA) and 0.5 mg l(-1) 2iP. Elongation of regenerated shoot was obtained on MS basal medium supplemented with 0.25 mg l(-1) TDZ. All regenerated shoots developed adventitious roots within 4 weeks when transferred to rooting medium containing SH medium supplemented with 0.5 mg l(-1) IBA. Total nine rooted plantlets were transferred from in vitro to in vivo conditions and eight plants survived and successfully acclimatized in the shaded greenhouse 12 weeks after transplanting.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · SpringerPlus
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