Toxic effects of benzo[a]pyrene (Bap) and Aroclor1254 on embryogenesis, larval growth, survival and metamorphosis of the bivalve Meretrix meretrix

Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, People's Republic of China.
Ecotoxicology (Impact Factor: 2.71). 06/2012; 21(6):1617-24. DOI: 10.1007/s10646-012-0936-x
Source: PubMed


To assess the potential toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls on the early development of Meretrix meretrix, the effects of benzo[a]pyrene (Bap) and Aroclor1254 on embryogenesis and larval development were investigated using static laboratory toxicity tests at nominal concentrations of 6.25-1,600 μg/L. Even at 1,600 μg/L, Bap and Aroclor1254 only caused minor reductions in embryo development rates. The 96 h LC(50) values for D-shaped larvae were 156 μg/L for Bap and 132 μg/L for Aroclor1254, respectively. The most sensitive toxicity endpoint in this study was metamorphosis, with an EC(50) value of 20 μg/L for Bap and 35 μg/L for Aroclor1254. Aroclor1254 was more toxic than Bap to embryos and larvae. Our results indicate that Bap and Aroclor1254 do not show extreme toxicity to M. meretrix embryos and larvae. These data provide information for evaluating the toxicity of Bap and Aroclor1254 on bivalve embryos, especially over the entire larval stages.

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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) proteins are involved in the first line of detoxification mechanism against diverse polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) including benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). In aquatic invertebrates, there is still a lack of knowledge on the CYP genes involved in the molecular response to B[a]P exposure due to limited gene information. In this study, we cloned the entire 25 CYP genes in the monogonont rotifer Brachionus koreanus with the aid of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies and analyzed their transcript profiles with a real-time RT-PCR array to better understand B[a]P-triggered molecular response over different time courses. As a result, B[a]P exposure induced CYP2/3-involved detoxification mechanisms and defensome, including phase II detoxification and antioxidant systems with a modulation of the chaperone heat shock protein (hsp) expression but did not change expression of other CYP clans in B. koreanus. Therefore, we found that B[a]P induced a strong detoxification mechanism to overcome detrimental effects of B[a]P associated with B[a]P-induced growth retardation as a trade-off in fitness costs. Also, this approach revealed that entire CYP profiling can be a way of providing a better understanding on the mode of action of B[a]P in B. koreanus with respect to molecular defense metabolism.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Environmental Science & Technology