Article

Efficacité d’une technique de réaction de polymérisation en chaîne (seminested et multiplex) pour l’identification des trois principales espèces bactériennes responsables de méningites au Burkina Faso

ministère de la Santé Direction des laboratoires Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique 02/2009; 103(1):8-13. DOI: 10.1007/s13149-009-0003-x

ABSTRACT

A prospective study (from August 2006 to April 2007) was carried out with 214 cerebrospinal fluid samples with suspicion of bacterial meningitis. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the simultaneous detection of Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus sp. and Haemophilus influenzae using seminested polymerase chain reaction strategy. Among the 214 samples tested by both PCR and culture, the overall confirmation rate was 64% for PCR and 40.1% for culture (P = 2 × 10−6). Taking culture method as the standard reference, the overall sensitivity of PCR was 98.8% and specificity, 59.4%. The sensitivity of PCR was 100, 97.3 and 100% respectively for N. meningitidis, Streptococcus sp. and H. influenzae with respective specificities of 70, 93.2 and 97.2%. In conclusion, the seminested PCR strategy is a sensitive method and it can be implemented in the reference public health laboratories for an exhaustive microbiological surveillance of bacterial meningitis.

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    ABSTRACT: Burkina Faso is a sub-saharan African country completely included in the meningococcal meningitis belt. The western part of the country suffered from many meningococcal A epidemics, in spite of reactive collective campaigns with polysaccharide A vaccine. On 6th December 2010, Burkina Faso was the first African country to conduct a collective vaccination campaign of all the 1-29 years old population with a new conjugated meningococcal Avaccine (MenAfriVac™). Before this campaign, in Western Burkina (4,064,928 inhabitants, 27.5% of total population), a rehearsal of the staff of all peripheral medical laboratories has been conducted, with delivery of laboratory equipment, reactants, and possibility to transfer CSF specimens at the central level to confirm bacteriologic species in cause by latex, culture and PCR analysis. For this campaign, an administrative coverage of 100.3% was reached. A nearly complete disappearance of meningitis due to meningococcus A was recorded, but an increase of cases due to meningococcus X, W135. With the increase of quality of surveillance, and MenAfriVac™ vaccination showed its beneficial effect on meningococcus A meningitis. If we want however to impact on the number of recorded acute bacteriological meningitis, we will have to use multi-antigenic, if possible conjugated, meningococcal vaccines against locally circulating meningococcal species, the number of pneumococcal meningitis being contained by the recent inclusion in EPI of a 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique