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This paper is based on a services and technologies Roadmap produced by the NGN Initiative (NGN-I) project1 within the European Union’s 5th Framework Programme IST (Information Society Technologies). It includes not only issues concerning technological evolution, but also highlights the more interactive way that the actors will communicate with each other in the future, and the types of end-user interaction.

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... To benefit from an operator's deployment of a next generation network, users of the network need to have broadband access. In the case of fixed line, this means a packet based access using either a variant of digital subscriber line or cable or Ethernet [25]. Similarly, wireless services should be packet based and broadband (such as WiMAX or high speed packet access). ...
The deployment of next generation networks by incumbent fixed-line operators presents a challenge to regulators. This challenge is to balance the needs of end-users with a desire to encourage workable competition between the incumbent and new entrants. The next generation network architecture has the potential to alter the liberalised regulatory environment and reinstate the incumbent as a monopoly provider. This paper analyses the issues that arise from such a deployment and proposes options available to regulators if intervention is required. The analysis sets out the architecture of next generation networks, the impact that their deployment has on competitors and potential access to the core network and access network of a next generation network. The paper concludes by setting out some of the regulatory options that are available.
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