Metacognitive Monitoring in Visuospatial Working Memory

Psychology and Aging (Impact Factor: 2.73). 06/2012; 27(4). DOI: 10.1037/a0028556
Source: PubMed


Research within the domain of spatial working memory has not conclusively determined whether age differences exist. Under some conditions, age-equivalence has been demonstrated for location information. Under other conditions, age-equivalence has been demonstrated for identity information. In three experiments, we examined identity memory, location memory, and their combination in a visuospatial working memory (VSWM) paradigm. Older and younger adults were compared. In addition, we examined metacognitive processes associated with each VSWM component. Results suggest an overall age-deficit in VSWM. Our results also suggest that location information may be less effortfully processed as compared to identity information. With regarding to metacognitive monitoring, we found age-equivalence for identity prediction accuracy and an age-related deficit in prediction accuracy for location information. The present study is the first to demonstrate both age-deficits and age-equivalence in metacognitive prediction accuracy within a working memory paradigm. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

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Available from: Holly A Taylor, Apr 04, 2014
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    • "Ostensibly, the witness can withhold uncertain information. Bulevich and Thomas (2012) demonstrated that monitoring did affect control . Both older (mean age of 73.7) and younger (mean age of 19.8) participants withheld answers when given the opportunity in the second phase of testing. "

    Full-text · Chapter · Jan 2014
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    • "Indeed a growing body of evidence suggests that the ability to accurately process and mentally represent spatial information is contingent upon several factors such as goals, affective states, working memory load, and strategies (McNamara et al., 1992; Taylor et al., 1999; Waller, 2000; Hegarty et al., 2006; Brunye and Taylor, 2008; Maddox et al., 2008; Brunyé et al., 2009; Gyselinck et al., 2009; Meneghetti et al., 2009; Gardony et al., 2011). Thus, a number of studies suggest that there is limited automaticity to the encoding of spatial location information, although it may be processed less effortfully than some other types of information (Thomas et al., 2012). Our first hypothesis, therefore, is that the arousal states produced via caffeine administration will influence participants’ ability to accurately memorize spatial information. "
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