A Low pKa Cysteine at the Active Site of Mouse Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase A

Laboratory of Biochemistry, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-8012, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.57). 06/2012; 287(30):25596-601. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.369116
Source: PubMed


Methionine sulfoxide reductase A is an essential enzyme in the antioxidant system which scavenges reactive oxygen species
through cyclic oxidation and reduction of methionine and methionine sulfoxide. Recently it has also been shown to catalyze
the reverse reaction, oxidizing methionine residues to methionine sulfoxide. A cysteine at the active site of the enzyme is
essential for both reductase and oxidase activities. This cysteine has been reported to have a pKa of 9.5 in the absence of substrate, decreasing to 5.7 upon binding of substrate. Using three independent methods, we show
that the pKa of the active site cysteine of mouse methionine sulfoxide reductase is 7.2 even in the absence of substrate. The primary
mechanism by which the pKa is lowered is hydrogen bonding of the active site Cys-72 to protonated Glu-115. The low pKa renders the active site cysteine susceptible to oxidation to sulfenic acid by micromolar concentrations of hydrogen peroxide.
This characteristic supports a role for methionine sulfoxide reductase in redox signaling.

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Available from: Rodney Levine, Sep 12, 2014

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