Article

Molecular subtypes of breast carcinoma in Egyptian women: Clinicopathological features

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Pathology - Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.4). 05/2012; 208(7):382-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2012.03.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Breast carcinoma may be classified into distinct molecular subtypes based on immunohistochemical markers for estrogen, progesterone and Her-2/neu receptors. The aim of the study was to identify the clinicopathological features of the molecular subtypes of breast carcinoma in our locality. A total of 274 surgically resected breast carcinomas were selected from the files of the Dr. KRZ referral pathology laboratory, Mansoura, Egypt, and the Pathology Department of Mansoura University. Molecular subtypes were classified into luminal A, luminal B, Her-2/neu-expressing and triple-negative. Clinicopathological and histological features of molecular subtypes were analyzed. Luminal A subtype was the most prevalent (41.2%), followed by triple-negative subtype (28.5%), then Her2-expressing subtype (19.4%) and luminal B subtype (13.9%). The commonest histological type was infiltrating duct carcinoma (83.2%), followed by infiltrating lobular carcinoma (9.1%) and medullary carcinoma (3.2%). The luminal A subtype was significantly correlated to low tumor grade, lower number of positive lymph nodes metastasis, absence of both necrosis and syncytial growth pattern. We concluded that the commonest molecular subtype of invasive breast carcinoma among Egyptian women is luminal subtype A, which displayed favorable features. Triple-negative subtype and medullary carcinomas are present in a ratio higher than in western countries.

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    • "Fluorescence in situ hybridization for HER2/neu gene amplification was not performed. Cytokeratin 5/6 was scored positive if any (weak or strong) cytoplasmic and/or membranous invasive carcinoma cell staining was observed [24]. Color development and background staining was visualized using the 3,3-diaminobenzadine chromagen and haematoxylin counter stain, respectively. "
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    ABSTRACT: . Recently, gene expression profiling and its surrogate immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers classified breast cancer into four distinct molecular subtypes, which have different prognoses, targeted therapies, and/or clinical outcomes. Objective . To conduct a preliminary study, to correlate the clinical pathological profiles and taxonomy of molecular subtypes of breast cancer in Eritrea, in the Horn of Africa. Design . Review of pathology reports from Jan. 1 to Nov. 30, 2009, provided 22 cases of microscopically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma that were evaluable for histology and IHC (ER, PR, HER2, and Cytokeratin 5/6). Result . Twenty patients were female and most of them (68%) were under 50 years at presentation. 90% were invasive invasive carcinoma of no special type and were histological grade 3. The molecular subtypes were luminal A (55%), luminal B (5%), HER2 (5%), basal-like (10%), and unclassified (25%). Triple negative carcinoma (basal-like and unclassified combined) was 35%, mostly (71%) in women under 50 years with grade 3 tumours. Conclusion . Breast carcinoma in Eritrean women presents at a younger age and with a high histologic grade. The two predominant molecular subtypes are luminal A and triple negative. Determining the molecular subtype using surrogate IHC markers has important treatment and prognostic implications for Eritrean women with breast cancer.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Triple negative (TN) breast carcinomas (estrogen receptor/ER, progesterone receptor/PR and HER-2/neu negative) constitute 15-25% of all breast carcinomas and have been correlated with aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. Our aim was to describe and characterize the immunophenotype of these tumors in a group of patients from Turkey. Methods: We used the immunohistochemical markers CK5/6, CK14, EGFR, E-cadherin, p53 and androgen receptor. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from 51 breast carcinoma patients (36 TN and 15 non TN) were included into this study. Results: The mean values of the distribution of immunohistochemical markers in TN vs non-TN groups were as follows: CK5/6 78.4 vs 5.3%, CK14 84.8 vs 8%, EGFR 87.2 vs 8%, E-cadherin 96.9 vs 53.2%, p53 87.3 vs 7.3% and androgen receptor 89.5 vs 33.3% (all p-values<0.001). CK5/6 stained significantly different in the grade 2 and 3 cases (p=0.035) in the TN group.The other markers demonstrated no significant differences between grades. Conclusion: TN breast carcinomas in Turkish patients express basal cytokeratins, and have high levels of p53 compared to non-TN breast carcinomas.
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    ABSTRACT: The immunohistochemical (IHC) subtyping of breast cancer can be a useful substitute for gene expression analysis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of CK8/18 to the biology of breast carcinoma (BC) represented by its IHC subtypes. The IHC expression of CK8/18 was correlated with IHC subtypes of BC using ER, PR, HER2/neu, and Ki67 LI (with cutoff 14%). All cases showed CK 8/18 expression in tumour cells with varying degree of intensities; 49/70 cases (70%) showed diffuse cytoplasmic expression (loss of membranous pattern), while 21/70 cases (30%) showed membrano-cytoplasmic pattern. Adjacent non-neoplastic breast lobules showed membrano-cytoplasmic pattern in 58% of cases, which was significantly different from the pattern in invasive cancer (P = 0.002). A loss of membranous pattern in malignant tumours was significantly associated with higher tumour grade (P = 0.02), higher mitotic count (P = 0.03), and negative HER2/neu status (P = 0.04). CK 8/18 H score ranged between 1 and 290 with mean ± SD was 181 ± 70.54. Tumours with lower CK 8/18 H score were in the advanced stage group (P = 0.04). Low CK8/18 H score and loss of membranous pattern were significantly associated with triple negative (TN) subtype as compared with luminal subtype (P = 0.006 and P = 0.026, respectively). In addition, CK8/18 with lost membranous pattern was significantly associated with TN subtype compared with HER2/neu positive subtype (P = 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between luminal A and B subtypes regarding CK8/18 H score or pattern of expression. This study concluded that low CK8/18 H score and loss of membranous pattern of CK8/18 are associated with worse prognostic features and TN subtype.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · ecancermedicalscience
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