Bilateral anterior uveitis in a patient with bacterial meningitis
Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. International Ophthalmology
(Impact Factor: 0.55).
05/2012; 32(4):401-3. DOI: 10.1007/s10792-012-9571-z
We report a case of bilateral iridocyclitis accompanied by bacterial meningitis in an immunocompetent patient. Case report. A 48 year-old healthy female visited our hospital with strong headache, fever, bilateral hyperemia, and blurred vision in both eyes. A slit-lamp examination revealed moderate cells and flare in the anterior chamber of both eyes, with fine keratoprecipitates. There were no obvious inflammatory changes in the vitreous, retina, and optic disc of both eyes. Elevation of peripheral blood white blood cells, C-reactive protein, and an elevated number of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cells suggested bacterial meningitis. The patient was admitted to our hospital and received intravenous antibiotics. Finally, a CSF culture revealed infection with gram-positive rods, suspected Listeria monocytogenes, confirming bacterial meningitis. For iridocyclitis, we prescribed betamethasone eyedrops and 0.5 % tropicamide eyedrops with intravenous adminstration of systemic antibiotics. 3 days later, her headache and bilateral hyperemia disappeared. This case is better described as sterile reactive uveitis rather than endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis, because bilateral anterior uveitis was resolved without chronic uveitis, iris atrophy, and vitreous opacity. When clinicians see patients with meningitis and bilateral anterior uveitis, sterile reactive uveitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of uveitis.
Available from: Khalid F Tabbara
- "Endogenous endophthalmitis results from the hematogenous spread of bacterial infection to the eye. Endophthalmitis caused by L. monocytogenes is a potentially devastating disease that may lead to loss of vision.6 "
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ABSTRACT: Endophthalmitis due to endogenous or exogenous bacteria is a rare infection of the eye. We report a case of endophthalmitis following Listeria monocytogenes keratoconjunctivitis in a 27-year-old healthy white male presenting with hand motion visual acuity, right eye mucopurulent conjunctivitis, elevated intraocular pressure, and pigmented hypopyon 6 months post-keratectomy. The conjunctivitis was unresponsive to a 5-day course of topical tobramycin eye drops, and the patient developed keratitis with pain that progressed to endophthalmitis after 21 days. Diagnostic B-scan revealed vitreous exudates. Intraocular fluid specimen showed Gram-positive organisms and the aqueous culture grew penicillin-/aminoglycoside-sensitive L. monocytogenes. The patient was given intravitreal and systemic vancomycin and ceftazidime. The eye was unresponsive to intravenous penicillin and gentamicin; the anterior chamber progressively flattened and developed phthisis bulbi. L. monocytogenes keratoconjunctivitis may lead to bacterial endophthalmitis. Prompt culture and early antibiotic therapy are recommended.
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