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    ABSTRACT: An early thirties man diagnosed with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) was simultaneously disclosed to have hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, central adrenal insufficiency, and GH deficiency in addition to central diabetes insipidus (CDI). Pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed swelling in the stalk, enlargement of the anterior lobe with delayed enhancement, and loss of high intensity of the posterior lobe on T1-weighted images, suggesting of pituitary involvement of ECD. Three months after starting treatment with interferon α and zoledronic acid, polyuria and polydipsia were ameliorated without DDAVP, accompanied with improvement of MRI. Simultaneously technetium-99m bone scintigraphy showed improvement, accompanied with a relief of bone pain and high fever. In contrast, he developed secondary hypothyroidism with slight enlargement of anterior pituitary gland without relapse of CDI, suggesting of different responses to treatment with interferon α between anterior pituitary lobe and posterior one. So far he continues to be replaced with deficient hormone replacement therapy. As for bone pain, it remains to be controlled with the decreased levels of bone resorption marker with decreased abnormal uptake in bone scintigraphy although zoledronic acid was discontinued for osteonecrosis of the jaw. For four years, he has not showed new involvement at other organs besides bones and the pituitary. While CDI is known to be very common in ECD, improvement of CDI has been reported in a few cases. Other endocrine manifestations, especially with detailed endocrine status, have been also reported in limited cases. Thus we report this case and review the literature.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Endocrine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Erdheim-Chester disease is a rare form of non-Langerhans' cell histiocytosis characterized by multi-system infiltration by xanthogranulomas composed of foamy histiocytes surrounded by fibrosis. Approximately 400 cases have been reported in the literature, and the recent increase in the number of cases is likely due to the increased awareness of its associated morbidity and mortality. The etiology of this disease remains unknown, the clinical course is variable and treatment is still not well-established. The objective of this review is to describe the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of this rare disorder, and to review its prognosis and treatment. Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans' cell histiocytosis. It was first described in 1930. Approximately 400 cases have been reported in the literature.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Anticancer research
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    ABSTRACT: Erdheim-Chester disease is a rare histiocytosis characterized by multi-systemic organ involvement. Immune-modulating agents such as interferon-alpha have limited success and the disorder is progressive and causes high morbidity and mortality. Treatment with the BRAF-inhibitor vemurafenib has recently produced substantial improvement in three patients with Erdheim-Chester disease expressing the p. V600E BRAF mutation. The disorder commonly affects the central nervous system and it is not yet known whether vemurafenib can reverse intra-axial infiltration and the resulting neurological impairment. In this work, we report for the first time an excellent clinical response to vemurafenib in a Norwegian patient with debilitating progressive spastic paraparesis due to intra-axial infiltration of the thoracic spinal cord. The patient had been unresponsive to interferon-alpha. Low dose vemurafenib (720 mg daily) for a period of three months resulted in significant tumor shrinkage by >60% and regression of contrast enhancement and fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron-emission tomography. The patient's spastic paraparesis and gait function improved dramatically. She currently walks unaided and reports a substantially improved quality of life. Our findings show that vemurafenib therapy, even at low doses, can be effective for the treatment of intra-axial central nervous system involvement in BRAF-positive Erdheim-Chester disease.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · BMC Research Notes
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