Expandable proximal femoral nails versus 95° dynamic condylar screw-plates for the treatment of reverse oblique intertrochanteric fractures

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Injury (Impact Factor: 2.14). 05/2012; 43(8):1313-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2012.05.004
Source: PubMed


The treatment of a simple (AO/OTA classification 31A3.1) reverse oblique intertrochanteric hip fracture is a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. The surgical options include the use of side plates with various angled leg screws or intramedullary devices. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess our results of treating reverse oblique fracture with an expendable proximal femoral nail (EPFN) or with a dynamic condylar screw-plate (DCS: 95°) between January 2006 and July 2009. Thirty-three patients (6 males and 27 females, mean age 78 years) met the study inclusion criteria and comprised the two study groups: 19 had been treated by EPFNs and 14 had received DCSs. They were followed for a mean of 28 months (range 6-47). Eight patients (5 EPFN and 3 DCS) died during the follow-up period from causes not related to the operation. Two ESPN patients and 5 DCS patients had malunions. Functional outcome scores showed better results in the EPFN group, but the difference was statistically significant only for the sitting subcategory (p=0.04). Based on our results and experience, we propose that the EPFN is at least as good as the DCS for treating reverse oblique fractures of the femur.

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    • "Cephalomedullary implants are considered nowadays to be the gold standard of treatment of proximal femoral extracapsular fractures [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. In spite of this, a number of complications have been reported associated with the use of these implants [6]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyse clinical results of elderly patients with trochanteric fractures that were treated with use of TARGON(®) PF nail. Overall, 494 patients (113 males) were available for this study. On the basis of Jensen classification, there were 76 cases in type I, 164 cases in type II, 70 in type III, 129 in type IV and 55 in type V. (1) Sliding amount of lag screw in relation to the Jensen classification, (2) sliding amount of lag screw according to the Ikuta's classification that categorises the reduction in lateral view in three, Subtype A, Subtype N and Subtype P, (3) sliding amount of lag screw in correlation between Jensen classification and Ikuta's classification and (4) postoperative complications (9 cases; 1.7%) were assessed. Cut-out and back-out cases were seen in 6 cases (1.1%), and these severe complications were evaluated in details. In correlation between Jensen classification and Ikuta's classification, the excessive sliding of lag screw was prominent with the Subtype P, which was preoperatively in Jensen type III or V. Cut-out or back-out cases were caused either from (1) Subtype P that were preoperatively Jensen types III or V, or from (2) the fracture where there was bony defect anteriorly. Therefore, special care must be taken for these types.
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    • "Intramedullary nailing (IM) continues to be the gold standard of treatment of long bone diaphyseal fractures [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]. The healing time of midshaft tibia fractures averages four months after intramedullary nailing, although non operative fracture care may last considerably shorter. "
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    ABSTRACT: Factors which impair fracture healing after intramedullary (IM) nailing of long bone fractures range from surgical and biological factors to mechanical parameters. Mechanical parameters known to prolong bony consolidation are share forces at the site of the fracture. Fracture near press-on interlocking reduces share forces directly at the fracture site and is hypothesised to enhance callus mineralisation. A sheep model of midshaft tibia osteotomies evaluates the technique. Fracture near interlocking was achieved by surfacing a custom made nail with special hutches that enable firm screw seating on top of the nail ("golf ball" structure). Virtual (fine element analysis (FEA)) and biomechanical pilot tests were completed before in vivo application in 12 adult female German black sheep. Midshaft tibia osteotomy was performed creating a subcritical 7mm gap for delay in union. One group (n=6) was treated with reamed IM nailing employing the custom made nail and in addition to proximal and distal standard interlocking a fracture near press on interlocking was employed. A second group of six sheep without additional press on interlocking served as control. 10 weeks after operation the quality of fracture healing was determined by micro-CT. The FEA showed that axial loading up to 4000N did not lead to implant fatigue. Fracture near press on interlocking led to significantly more callus mineralisation compared to the conventional interlocking procedure (0.567g/cm(3)±0.106g/cm(3) versus 0.434g/cm(3)±0.0836g/cm(3), p=0.043). Fracture near press on interlocking increases callus mineralisation in a subcritical osteotomy model in sheep. The results indicate that the reduction of share forces at the fracture site after nailing procedures may be effective in reducing the time until bony consolidation.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Injury
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    ABSTRACT: Reverse obliquity fractures of the proximal femur have biomechanical characteristics distinct from other intertrochanteric fractures and high implant failure rate when treated with sliding hip screws. Intramedullary hip nailing for these fractures reportedly has less potential for cut-out of the lag screw because of their loadbearing capacity when compared with extramedullary implants. However, it is unclear whether nail length influences healing. We compared standard and long types of intramedullary hip nails in terms of (1) reoperation (fixation failure), (2) 1-year mortality rate, (3) function and mobility, and (4) union rate. We conducted a pilot prospective randomized controlled trial comparing standard versus long (a parts per thousand yen 34 cm) intramedullary hip nails for reverse obliquity fractures of the proximal femur from January 2009 to December 2009. There were 15 patients with standard nails and 18 with long nails. Mean age was 79 years (range, 67-95 years). We determined 1-year mortality rates, reoperation rates, Parker-Palmer mobility and Harris hip scores, and radiographic findings (fracture union, blade cut-out, tip-apex distance, implant failure). Minimum followup was 12 months (mean, 14 months; range, 12-20 months). We found no difference in reoperation rates between groups. Two patients (both from the long-nail group) underwent revision surgery because of implant failure in one and deep infection in the other. There was no difference between the standard- and long-nail groups in mortality rate (17% versus 18%), Parker-Palmer mobility score (five versus six), Harris hip score (74 versus 79), union rate (100% in both groups), blade cut-out (zero versus one), and tip-apex distance (22 versus 24 mm). Our preliminary data suggest reverse obliquity fractures of the trochanteric region of the femur can be treated with either standard or long intramedullary nails.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
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