Curcumin Inhibits Tongue Carcinoma Cells Migration and Invasion Through Downregulation of Matrix Metallopeptidase 10

Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, SAR China.
Cancer Investigation (Impact Factor: 2.22). 05/2012; 30(7):503-12. DOI: 10.3109/07357907.2012.691192
Source: PubMed


Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of tongue is an aggressive head and neck cancer with high propensity of regional spreading and invasion. Tongue carcinoma cells treated with curcumin, the major curcuminoid of the turmeric, demonstrated reduction in adhesion, migration, and invasion ability. High-throughput microarray analysis indicated that curcumin treatment suppressed matrix metallopeptidase 10 (MMP10) expression. MMP10 is overexpressed in tongue carcinoma tissues in comparison with the normal epithelia. Curcumin treatment on tongue carcinoma cell lines suppressed MMP10 expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Our results suggested that curcumin is a promising inhibitor to tongue cancer cells migration and invasion.

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    • "Among other mechanisms of action, cell cycle arrest, induction of apoptosis, regulation of epigenetic events, inhibition of angiogenesis, chemo- and radio-sensitization, have resulted in many preclinical studies and clinical trials. Curcumin's ability to inhibit matrix metalloproteinases, cell migration and invasion [47], [57]–[60] also suggests its potential utility as supplemental treatment to reduce cancer metastasis. In this report, we also provide the first evidence that curcumin induces cellular redistribution of cortactin away from the plasma membrane, induces cortactin dephosphorylation through a direct physical interaction with PTPN1 protein tyrosine phosphatase to increase its activity, and to reduce cancer cell migration. "
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    ABSTRACT: Cortactin (CTTN), first identified as a major substrate of the Src tyrosine kinase, actively participates in branching F-actin assembly and in cell motility and invasion. CTTN gene is amplified and its protein is overexpressed in several types of cancer. The phosphorylated form of cortactin (pTyr(421)) is required for cancer cell motility and invasion. In this study, we demonstrate that a majority of the tested primary colorectal tumor specimens show greatly enhanced expression of pTyr(421)-CTTN, but no change at the mRNA level as compared to healthy subjects, thus suggesting post-translational activation rather than gene amplification in these tumors. Curcumin (diferulolylmethane), a natural compound with promising chemopreventive and chemosensitizing effects, reduced the indirect association of cortactin with the plasma membrane protein fraction in colon adenocarcinoma cells as measured by surface biotinylation, mass spectrometry, and Western blotting. Curcumin significantly decreased the pTyr(421)-CTTN in HCT116 cells and SW480 cells, but was ineffective in HT-29 cells. Curcumin physically interacted with PTPN1 tyrosine phosphatases to increase its activity and lead to dephosphorylation of pTyr(421)-CTTN. PTPN1 inhibition eliminated the effects of curcumin on pTyr(421)-CTTN. Transduction with adenovirally-encoded CTTN increased migration of HCT116, SW480, and HT-29. Curcumin decreased migration of HCT116 and SW480 cells which highly express PTPN1, but not of HT-29 cells with significantly reduced endogenous expression of PTPN1. Curcumin significantly reduced the physical interaction of CTTN and pTyr(421)-CTTN with p120 catenin (CTNND1). Collectively, these data suggest that curcumin is an activator of PTPN1 and can reduce cell motility in colon cancer via dephosphorylation of pTyr(421)-CTTN which could be exploited for novel therapeutic approaches in colon cancer therapy based on tumor pTyr(421)-CTTN expression.
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    ABSTRACT: Curcumin, a phytochemical isolated from curcuma plants which are used as coloring ingredient for the preparation of curry powder, has several activities which suggest that it might be an interesting drug for the treatment or prevention of cancer. Curcumin targets different pathways which are involved in the malignant phenotype of tumor cells, including the nuclear factor kappa B (NFKB) pathway. This pathway is deregulated in multiple tumor entities, including Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). Indeed, curcumin can inhibit growth of HL cell lines and increases the sensitivity of these cells for cisplatin. In this review we summarize curcumin activities with special focus on possible activities against HL cells.
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