L-Arginine and Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Are Early Predictors for Survival in Septic Patients with Acute Liver Failure

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
Mediators of Inflammation (Impact Factor: 3.24). 05/2012; 2012:210454. DOI: 10.1155/2012/210454
Source: PubMed


Dysfunctions of the L-arginine (L-arg)/nitric-oxide (NO) pathway are suspected to be important for the pathogenesis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in septic shock. Therefore plasma concentrations of L-arg and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were measured in 60 patients with septic shock, 30 surgical patients and 30 healthy volunteers using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Plasma samples from patients with septic shock were collected at sepsis onset, and 24 h, 4 d, 7 d, 14 d and 28 d later. Samples from surgical patients were collected prior to surgery, immediately after the end of the surgical procedure as well as 24 h later and from healthy volunteers once. In comparison to healthy volunteers and surgical patients, individuals with septic shock showed significantly increased levels of ADMA, as well as a decrease in the ratio of L-arg and ADMA at all timepoints. In septic patients with an acute liver failure (ALF), plasma levels of ADMA and L-arg were significantly increased in comparison to septic patients with an intact hepatic function. In summary it can be stated, that bioavailability of NO is reduced in septic shock. Moreover, measurements of ADMA and L-arg appear to be early predictors for survival in patients with sepsis-associated ALF.

Download full-text


Available from: Stefan Hofer
  • Source
    • "The problem is of relevance because recent data indicate that in very old people, novel biomarkers like plasma homocysteine may largely outperform classical risk markers assessed by the Framingham score in the prediction of CV death (de Ruijter et al. 2009). The endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), is one of the most investigated novel risk factors both in the general population and in various disease states (Zoccali 2006; Boger et al. 2009a; Brenner et al. 2012). Pre-clinical studies suggest that ADMA may be implicated in biological processes relevant to aging, such as telomerase activity, endothelial senescence (Bode-Boger et al. 2005), and endothelial dysfunction (Perticone et al. 2010; Juonala et al. 2007). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase implicated in several age-related biological mechanisms such as telomere shortening and cell senescence. We tested the hypothesis that ADMA blood level is an independent predictor of mortality in elderly. This is a longitudinal population-based cohort study. Participants are a representative cohort of 1,025 men and women (age range 65-102 years) living in Chianti area, Tuscany, Italy. The plasma ADMA was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. During the follow-up (95 ± 32 months), 384 individuals died, of whom 141 (37 %) died of cardiovascular (CV) causes. In adjusted analyses, the plasma ADMA was the strongest predictor of all-cause mortality (HR (0.1 μMol/L) 1.26, 95 % CI 1.10-1.44, P < 0.001) with a non-significant trend for CV mortality (HR 1.22, P = 0.07). The predictive effect of the ADMA level on mortality was statistically significant among participants with low to low-normal L-arginine levels (≤60 μMol/L), but not in those with L-arginine >60 μMol/L. Notwithstanding the association of ADMA with all-cause mortality was robust, this biomarker failed to add predictive power to a simple model based on the risk factors in the elderly (area under the ROC curve 0.85 ± 0.01 vs. 0.84 ± 0.01). ADMA is a strong independent predictor of mortality in the older population, and L-arginine modifies the effect of ADMA on survival. The mechanisms for this association should be targeted by future studies.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Age
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases, predicts mortality in cardiovascular disease and has been linked to cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In this prospective study, we assessed whether circulating ADMA, arginine:ADMA ratio, and nitrite/nitrate levels were associated with survival and cerebral vasospasm in SAH patients. Methods: One hundred and eleven patients were observed day 1 to 15 after SAH, with serial measurements of transcranial Doppler flow velocities (VMCA) and plasma biomarkers. Clinical status was assessed by the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grading scale. Results: Overall 30-day mortality was 18%, but differed between patients grouped by low, midrange, and high arginine:ADMA ratio in the first week after SAH. Mortality rates were 14/37, 1/37, and 5/37 in the 3 groups, respectively (P-logrank=0.0003). Cox regression showed that low versus midrange or high arginine:ADMA was associated with a hazard ratio of 4.1 independent of World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade (95% confidence interval, 1.5-10.9; P=0.006). ADMA or arginine:ADMA had no association to VMCA, but there was an inverse relationship between VMCA and nitrite/nitrate levels (P<0.0001). The NOS3 894G/G genotype was associated with 15% lower VMCA (P=0.01). ATbG-NOS3 haplotype homozygosity was associated with up to 64% higher nitrite/nitrate levels (P=0.003). Conclusions: This study suggests that plasma arginine:ADMA ratios predict mortality after SAH. Both clinical and physiological measures of changes in cerebral hemodynamics are coupled to the nitric oxide system.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Stroke
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent investigations have indicated that reactive metabolites and AGE-RAGE-mediated inflammation might play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion injury in liver transplantation. In this observational clinical study, 150 patients were enrolled following liver transplantation from deceased donors. The occurrence of short-term complications within 10 days of transplantation was documented. Blood samples were collected prior to transplantation, immediately after transplantation, and at consecutive time points, for a total of seven days after transplantation. Plasma levels of methylglyoxal were determined using HPLC, whereas plasma levels of L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine, advanced glycation endproducts-carboxylmethyllysine, soluble receptor for advanced glycation endproducts, and total antioxidant capacity were measured by ELISA. Patients following liver transplantation were shown to suffer from increased RAGE-associated inflammation with an AGE load mainly dependent upon reactive carbonyl species-derived AGEs. In contrast, carboxylmethyllysine-derived AGEs were of a minor importance. As assessed by the ratio of L-arginine/asymmetric dimethylarginine, the bioavailability of nitric oxide was shown to be reduced in hepatic IRI, especially in those patients suffering from perfusion disorders following liver transplantation. For the early identification of patients at high risk of perfusion disorders, the implementation of asymmetric dimethylarginine measurements in routine diagnostics following liver transplantation from deceased donors should be taken into consideration.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Mediators of Inflammation
Show more