Attitudes of African-American parents about biobank participation and return of results for themselves and their children

Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Journal of medical ethics (Impact Factor: 1.51). 05/2012; 38(9):561-6. DOI: 10.1136/medethics-2012-100600
Source: PubMed


Biobank-based research is growing in importance. A major controversy exists about the return of aggregate and individual research results.
The authors used a mixed-method approach in order to study parents' attitudes towards the return of research results regarding themselves and their children. Participants attended four 2-h, deliberative-engagement sessions held on two consecutive Saturdays. Each session consisted of an educational presentation followed by focus-group discussions with structured questions and prompts. This manuscript examines discussions from the second Saturday which focused on the benefits and risks of returning aggregate and individual research results regarding both adults (morning session) and children (afternoon session). Attitudes were assessed in pre-engagement and post-engagement surveys.
The authors recruited 45 African-American adults whose children received medical care at two healthcare facilities on the South Side of Chicago that serve different socioeconomic communities. Three dominant themes were identified. First, most participants stated that they would enrol themselves and their children in a biobank, although there was a vocal minority opposed to enrolling children, particularly children unable to participate in the consent process. Second, participants did not distinguish between the results they wanted to receive regarding themselves and their children. Supplemental survey data found no attitudinal changes pre-engagement and post-engagement. Third, participants believed that children should be allowed access to their health information, but they wanted to be involved in deciding when and how the information was shared.
Participant attitudes are in tension with current biobank policies. An intensive educational effort had no effect on their attitudes.

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    • "Some studies have examined willingness to participate specifically in genomics research and biobanks, and reasons for that willingness or lack thereof, among minority populations . Although many altruistic and personal reasons for participating were expressed by primarily African American and Hispanic biobank participants in one focus group study (Streicher et al. 2011), distrust was found to be a major theme expressed by African Americans when discussing biobank participation in another focus group study (Halverson and Ross 2012). Non-Hispanic Whites were more likely than individuals of other racial and ethnic groups to enroll in a clinicbased biobank (Ridgeway et al. 2013). "
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