Novel double deletions in the MECP2 gene in Tunisian Rett patient

Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire Humaine, Faculté de Médecine de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Tunisia.
Gene (Impact Factor: 2.14). 04/2012; 502(2):163-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.04.028
Source: PubMed


Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder affecting almost exclusively girls. Rett patients present an apparently normal psychomotor development during the first 6-18 months of life. Thereafter, they show a short period of developmental stagnation followed by a rapid regression in language and motor development. RTT is currently considered as monogenic X-linked dominant disorder due to mutations in the MECP2 gene, encoding the methyl-CpG binding protein 2. The aim of this study was to perform a mutational analysis of the MECP2 gene in a classical Rett patient.The results showed the presence of a novel point mutation c.C1142T (p.P381L) and two deletions at the heterozygous state: a novel deletion c.1075delTTC (p.S359) and a known one c.1157del44 (p.L386Q fs X2) in the C-terminal region of MeCP2.

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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein-2 (MECP2) gene on Xq28 have been found to be a cause of Rett syndrome (RS). In a previous mutation screening, we found MECP2 mutations in 81% of Swedish classical Rett women. In this study, we have analyzed 22 patients for MECP2 deletions using multiplex-ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Clinically, 11 of the patients who were classical Rett women, 3 were forme fruste, 1 was congenital RS, and 7 were Rett variants. As inclusion criteria, we used DNA from patients in whom previous sequencing results showed no mutations in coding portions of the MECP2 gene. MLPA is a method based on multiplex PCR. In one PCR, as many as 40 probes are amplified with the same primers. The specificity of the amplification products is determined by the site-specific hybridization of each probe construct, prior to amplification. Each PCR product has a unique length, which makes it possible to identify it by size separation. In 3 of 11 (27%) classical Rett women, we detected large deletions in MECP2 using MLPA. All these patients had deletions covering two exons; in 2 cases the deletion involved exons 3 and 4 and, in one case, exons 1 and 2 were missing. In the forme fruste, congenital and Rett-variant patients, we found no large deletions. We have found that MLPA is useful when it comes to finding large deletions compromising whole exons in MECP2. Used as a complementary method to DNA sequencing, it revealed new MECP2 mutations in classical RS patients.
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with classical Rett show an apparently normal psychomotor development during the first 6-18 months of life. Thereafter, they enter a short period of developmental stagnation followed by a rapid regression in language and motor development. Purposeful hand use is often lost and replaced by repetitive, stereotypic movements. Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked dominant disorder caused frequently by mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2). The aim of this study was to search for mutations in MECP2 gene in two Tunisian patients affected with RTT. The results of mutation analysis revealed mutations in exon 4 of MECP2 gene in the two patients. In one patient we identified a new mutation consisting of a deletion of four bases (c.810-813delAAAG), which led to a frame shift and generated a premature stop codon (p.Lys271Arg fs X15) in transcriptional repression domain-nuclear localization signal (TRD-NLS) domain of MeCP2 protein. With regard to the second patient, a previously described transition (c.916C>T) that changed an arginine to a cysteine residue (p.R306C) in TRD domain of MeCP2 protein was revealed. In conclusion, a new and a known de novo mutation in MECP2 gene were revealed in two Tunisian patients affected with RTT.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to characterize the influence of multiple mutations in the MECP2 gene in a cohort of individuals with Rett syndrome. Further analysis demonstrated that nearly all resulted from de novo in cis mutations, where the disease severity was indistinguishable from single mutations. Our methods involved enrolling participants in the RTT Natural History Study (NHS). After providing informed consent through their parents or principal caretakers, additional molecular assessments were performed in the participants and their parents to assess the presence and location of more than one mutation in each. Clinical severity was assessed at each visit in those participants in the NHS. Non-contiguous MECP2 gene variations were detected in 12 participants and contiguous mutations involving a deletion and insertion in three participants. Thirteen of 15 participants had mutations that were in cis; four (of 13) had three MECP2 mutations; two (of 15) had mutations that were both in cis and in trans (i.e., on different alleles). Clinical severity did not appear different from NHS participants with a single similar mutation. Mutations in cis were identified in most participants; two individuals had mutations both in cis and in trans. The presence of multiple mutations was not associated with greater severity. Nevertheless, multiple mutations will require greater thought in the future, if genetic assignment to drug treatment protocols is considered. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A