Article

Scatter correction in cone-beam CT via a half beam blocker technique allowing simultaneous acquisition of scatter and image information

Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5847, USA.
Medical Physics (Impact Factor: 2.64). 05/2012; 39(5):2386-95. DOI: 10.1118/1.3691901
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

X-ray scatter incurred to detectors degrades the quality of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and represents a problem in volumetric image guided and adaptive radiation therapy. Several methods using a beam blocker for the estimation and subtraction of scatter have been proposed. However, due to missing information resulting from the obstruction of the blocker, such methods require dual scanning or dynamically moving blocker to obtain a complete volumetric image. Here, we propose a half beam blocker-based approach, in conjunction with a total variation (TV) regularized Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) algorithm, to correct scatter-induced artifacts by simultaneously acquiring image and scatter information from a single-rotation CBCT scan.
A half beam blocker, comprising lead strips, is used to simultaneously acquire image data on one side of the projection data and scatter data on the other half side. One-dimensional cubic B-Spline interpolation/extrapolation is applied to derive patient specific scatter information by using the scatter distributions on strips. The estimated scatter is subtracted from the projection image acquired at the opposite view. With scatter-corrected projections where this subtraction is completed, the FDK algorithm based on a cosine weighting function is performed to reconstruct CBCT volume. To suppress the noise in the reconstructed CBCT images produced by geometric errors between two opposed projections and interpolated scatter information, total variation regularization is applied by a minimization using a steepest gradient descent optimization method. The experimental studies using Catphan504 and anthropomorphic phantoms were carried out to evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme.
The scatter-induced shading artifacts were markedly suppressed in CBCT using the proposed scheme. Compared with CBCT without a blocker, the nonuniformity value was reduced from 39.3% to 3.1%. The root mean square error relative to values inside the regions of interest selected from a benchmark scatter free image was reduced from 50 to 11.3. The TV regularization also led to a better contrast-to-noise ratio.
An asymmetric half beam blocker-based FDK acquisition and reconstruction technique has been established. The proposed scheme enables simultaneous detection of patient specific scatter and complete volumetric CBCT reconstruction without additional requirements such as prior images, dual scans, or moving strips.

1 Follower
 · 
37 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: X-ray scatter results in a significant degradation of image quality in computed tomography (CT), representing a major limitation in cone-beam CT (CBCT) and large field-of-view diagnostic scanners. In this work, a novel scatter estimation and correction technique is proposed that utilizes peripheral detection of scatter during the patient scan to simultaneously acquire image and patient-specific scatter information in a single scan, and in conjunction with a proposed compressed sensing scatter recovery technique to reconstruct and correct for the patient-specific scatter in the projection space.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Medical Physics
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is an increasing interest in iterative reconstruction (IR) as a key tool to improve quality and increase applicability of x-ray CT imaging. IR has the ability to significantly reduce patient dose; it provides the flexibility to reconstruct images from arbitrary x-ray system geometries and allows one to include detailed models of photon transport and detection physics to accurately correct for a wide variety of image degrading effects. This paper reviews discretization issues and modelling of finite spatial resolution, Compton scatter in the scanned object, data noise and the energy spectrum. The widespread implementation of IR with a highly accurate model-based correction, however, still requires significant effort. In addition, new hardware will provide new opportunities and challenges to improve CT with new modelling.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Physics in Medicine and Biology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the radiation dose received by procedural personnel and patients from an X-ray volume imaging (XVI) system during interventional procedures. Forty patients were examined using catheter angiography (group A), digital subtraction angiography (group B) and cone-beam CT (CBCT, group C). Doses to procedural personnel (using thermo-luminescent dosimeters, TLDs) and patients were estimated. Image quality and lesion delineation were assessed using objective and subjective methods. Shapiro-Wilk, two-sided Student's t and Wilcoxon matched-pairs tests were used to test statistical significance. Doses (milligrays) measured in the hands and left knee of the interventionist were higher than those in an assistant physician (P < 0.05). Doses (dose-area product and skin entry dose) were lower in group A and higher in C compared with other groups; moreover, comparison among the groups were significant (all P = 0.0001). Subjective and objective lesion delineation showed significant results (all P < 0.05) among the tumour types considered. Image quality estimation showed the opposite results for objective and subjective analysis. More doses were obtained for hands of the procedural personnel compared to other anatomical regions measured. Catheter angiography showed lower dose compared with other imaging groups examined. Lesion delineation was clearly possible using CBCT. Objective and subjective analysis showed the opposite results regarding image quality because of higher noise levels and artefacts. • Interventional radiological procedures inevitably impart relatively high radiation doses • Little is known about the doses imparted by cone-beam CT (CBCT)-guided procedures. • During interventional radiological procedures the hands of personnel receive high doses. • Catheter angiography delivered lower doses compared with CBCT and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). • Nevertheless the use of CBCT to delineate lesions is advantageous for patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · European Radiology
Show more