Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Clinical and Conceptual Complexities

VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA.
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (Impact Factor: 2.96). 05/2012; 18(3):390-3. DOI: 10.1017/S1355617712000367
Source: PubMed
Download full-text


Available from: Sureyya Dikmen, Jul 28, 2014
  • Source
    • "This could be the reason that patients with PTSD or TBI show a spectrum of common clinical features such as depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, irritability, diffi culty in concentration and chronic pain (Vasterling et al., 2009). There are evidence that suggest that mTBI can progress into PTSD (Vasterling and Dikmen, 2012). Due to such overlapping symptoms and causative agents, TBI can often be misdiagnosed for PTSD or vice versa. "

    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2015
  • Source
    • "Historically, the effects of mTBI have more often been couched in nonneurological terms where persisting symptoms have been viewed as neurotic manifestations of a traumatic event (Lishman 1988; Sandy Macleod 2010; see also discussions in Shenton et al. in this special issue). Indeed a host of emotional and psychological factors likely participate in mTBI outcome (Vasterling and Dikmen 2012 "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Contemporary neuroimaging methods and research findings in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are reviewed in this special issue. Topics covered include structural and functional neuroimaging techniques with a particular emphasis on the most contemporary research involving magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Future research directions as well as applied applications of using neuroimaging techniques to define biomarkers of brain injury are covered.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Brain Imaging and Behavior
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined the neuropsychological performance of 125 outpatient Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and nonacute mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) (n = 66) and PTSD (n = 59) across multiple cognitive domains to determine whether mild TBI results in greater impairment among those with PTSD. Profile analyses revealed that veterans with PTSD and mild TBI did not differ significantly from those with just PTSD across domains, suggesting that comorbid mild TBI does not result in an additive effect. A norms-based comparison also revealed that neither group demonstrated impaired performance on any of the objective neuropsychological measures examined. However, both groups endorsed moderately elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety, indicating that comorbid psychopathology may contribute to subjective cognitive complaints.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Show more