Therapeutic efficacy of intracameral amphotericin B injection for 60 patients with keratomycosis

Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi Province, China.
International Journal of Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 0.71). 09/2010; 3(3):257-60. DOI: 10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2010.03.18
Source: PubMed


To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of intracameral amphotericin B (ICAMB) injection in the treatment of keratomycosis.
The study design was a prospective controlled clinical trial. A total of 60 eyes of 60 patients were divided into two groups, 30 in the ICAMB injection group (group A) and 30 in the control group-topical application amphotericin B (group B). Serial measurements of the size of the keratomycosis-namely, two maximum linear dimensions perpendicular to each other, and the area and perimeter was done at start of therapy and follow up on day 3, 7, and 21. Rate of healing of the keratomycosis were measured as percentage decrease from the baseline parameter at each subsequent follow up. The data were analyzed by the non-parametric Wilcoxon rank sum test.
The mean time to disappearance of hypopyon was 9.6±9.2 (range:1-26) days in group A and 26.8±20.8 (range:14-62) days in group B (P=0.03). The median percentage decrease in the size of the keratomycosis was significantly greater than that in the cord serum group at day 21(P<0.05) when measured in terms of the area and perimeter. A greater number of patients showed complete re-epithelialization in group A (n=27) than in group B (n=14) (P<0.05). None of the patients reported any side effects or discomfort with either treatment.
ICAMB injection leads to faster healing of the keratomycosis refractory to all medical management and reducing time to disapperence of hypopyon compared to topical application amphotericin B.

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