Triploid and diploid embryonic stem cell lines derived from tripronuclear human zygotes
Key Laboratory for Major Obstetric Diseases of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Reproduction and Genetics, Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical College, Duobao Road 63#, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510150, People's Republic of China. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
(Impact Factor: 1.72).
04/2012; 29(8):713-21. DOI: 10.1007/s10815-012-9764-4
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are self-renewing, pluripotent cells that are valuable research tools and hold promise for use in regenerative medicine. The need for new hESC lines motivated our attempts to find a new resource for the derivation of hESC lines. The aim of this work was to establish more hESC lines from abnormal fertilized zygotes and to meet the emerging requirements for their use in cell replacement therapies, disease modeling, and basic research.
A total of 130 tripronuclear human zygotes was collected 18-20 h post-insemination and cultured in a modified culture medium. The inner cell mass of 12 blastocysts were isolated by a mechanical method in order to establish embryonic stem cell lines.
We established four hESC lines derived from 130 trinuclear zygotes, one of which was triploid and the others were diploid. The efficiency of deriving hESC lines is 3.08 %. The ratio of deriving triploid and diploid hESC lines is 1:3. All of these hESC lines exhibited similar markers of undifferentiated hESCs and had the typical morphology of hESCs, a capacity for long-term proliferation, and pluripotent differentiation potential both in vivo and in vitro.
These abnormal zygotes, which otherwise would have been discarded, can serve as an alternative source for normal euploid hESC lines.
Available from: jstage.jst.go.jp
- "cell line. Thus, our results correlate with previous reports that chromosome correction 342 of triploid embryos does not always occur, as demonstrated by the generation of triploid hESC lines 343 from triploid zygotes[5,6,14]. Alternatively, chromosomal abnormalities, such as diploidy and 344 triploidy, are commonly observed during hESC culture293031. "
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ABSTRACT: Because the diploid human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can be successfully derived from tripronuclear zygotes thus, they can serve as an alternative source of derivation of normal karyotype hESC lines. The aim of the present study was to compare the pluripotency and trophoblast differentiation ability of hESCs derived from tripronuclear zygotes and diploid hESCs. In the present study, a total of 20 tripronuclear zygotes were cultured; 8 zygotes developed to the blastocyst stage and 1 hESC line was generated. Unlike the previous studies, chromosomal correction of tripronuclear zygotes during derivation of hESCs did not occur. The established line carries 3 sets of chromosomes and showed a numerical aberration. Although the cell line displayed an abnormal chromosome number, it was found the cell line has been shown to be pluripotent with the ability to differentiate into 3 embryonic germ layers both in vitro and in vivo. The expression of X inactive specific transcript (XIST) in mid-passage (passage 42) of undifferentiated triploid hESCs was detected, indicating X chromosome inactivation of the cell line. Moreover, when this cell line was induced to differentiate toward the trophoblast lineage, morphological and functional trophoblast cells were observed, similar to the diploid hESC line.
Available from: Yong Fan
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ABSTRACT: Human embryonic stem cells have shown tremendous potential in regenerative medicine, and the recent progress in haploid embryonic stem cells provides new insights for future applications of embryonic stem cells. Disruption of normal fertilized embryos remains controversial; thus, the development of a new source for human embryonic stem cells is important for their usefulness. Here, we investigated the feasibility of haploid and diploid embryo reconstruction and embryonic stem cell derivation using microsurgically repaired tripronuclear human zygotes. Diploid and haploid zygotes were successfully reconstructed, but a large proportion of them still had a tripolar spindle assembly. The reconstructed embryos developed to the blastocyst stage, although the loss of chromosomes was observed in these zygotes. Finally, triploid and diploid human embryonic stem cells were derived from tripronuclear and reconstructed zygotes (from which only one pronucleus was removed), but haploid human embryonic stem cells were not successfully derived from the reconstructed zygotes when two pronuclei were removed. Both triploid and diploid human embryonic stem cells showed the general characteristics of human embryonic stem cells. These results indicate that the lower embryo quality resulting from abnormal spindle assembly contributed to the failure of the haploid embryonic stem cell derivation. However, the successful derivation of diploid embryonic stem cells demonstrated that microsurgical tripronuclear zygotes are an alternative source of human embryonic stem cells. In the future, improving spindle assembly will facilitate the application of triploid zygotes to the field of haploid embryonic stem cells.
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ABSTRACT: A normal fertilized human zygote contains two pronuclei, but zygotes may also display one, three, or even more pronuclei resulting from irregular insemination or meiotic division. Today diploid and triploid human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines have been derived from tripronuclear (3PN) triploid zygotes, and an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) baby was born from a rescued diploid zygote by removing the extra male pronucleus of the 3PN zygote. However, whether hESCs can be derived from a rescued 3PN zygote is still unknown. Here, by microsurgical pronuclear removal, we restored 61 diploid zygotes from 3PN zygotes donated by 35 couples, and 11 blastocysts developed with a blastocyst rate of 18.0%, which seems higher than that of nonrescued 3PN zygotes according to previous reports. After the whole zona pellucida free embryos were plated onto feeder cells to grow and passage, 2 hESC lines (CCRM-hESC-22 and CCRM-hESC-23) were generated and both carried normal karyotype (46, XY). The hESC lines were then characterized by morphology, expansion in vitro, and expression of specific markers of alkaline phosphatase, OCT4, SSEA4, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81. Furthermore, the pluripotency of these 2 hESC lines was confirmed by in vitro embryoid body formation and in vivo teratoma production. Our study indicates that depronucleared 3PN zygotes can improve the blastocysts formation rate, and normal hESC lines can be derived from those corrected 2PN embryos. Based on their multi-directional differentiation potential in vitro, the established hESC lines could be applied to the developmental risk assessment for IVF babies born from restored zygotes. J. Cell. Biochem. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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