The association of genetic variants of type 2 diabetes with kidney function

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Kidney International (Impact Factor: 8.56). 04/2012; 82(2):220-5. DOI: 10.1038/ki.2012.107
Source: PubMed


Type 2 diabetes is highly prevalent and is the major cause of progressive chronic kidney disease in American Indians. Genome-wide association studies identified several loci associated with diabetes but their impact on susceptibility to diabetic complications is unknown. We studied the association of 18 type 2 diabetes genome-wide association single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; MDRD equation) and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio in 6958 Strong Heart Study family and cohort participants. Center-specific residuals of eGFR and log urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, obtained from linear regression models adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index, were regressed onto SNP dosage using variance component models in family data and linear regression in unrelated individuals. Estimates were then combined across centers. Four diabetic loci were associated with eGFR and one locus with urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio. A SNP in the WFS1 gene (rs10010131) was associated with higher eGFR in younger individuals and with increased albuminuria. SNPs in the FTO, KCNJ11, and TCF7L2 genes were associated with lower eGFR, but not albuminuria, and were not significant in prospective analyses. Our findings suggest a shared genetic risk for type 2 diabetes and its kidney complications, and a potential role for WFS1 in early-onset diabetic nephropathy in American Indian populations.

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    • "There are limited studies on the association of the rs12255372 and rs7903146 polymorphisms with DN. The T allele of the rs7903146 TCF7L2 variant has shown association with lower eGFR in American Indians (Franceschini et al., 2012) and with DN in patients with early onset of diabetes in Caucasians of Polish origin (Buraczynska et al., 2011; Buraczynska et al., 2014). A recent study from South India (Hussain et al., 2014) has reported the association of the rs7903146 TCF7L2 gene polymorphism with T2DM and DN. "
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    ABSTRACT: The transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene plays a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of TCF7L2 rs12255372 (G/T)polymorphism with type 2 diabetic nephropathy in the South Indian population. A total of 2102 subjects, 927 normal glucose tolerant (NGT) subjects, 598 type 2 diabetic subjects without nephropathy (DM), and 577 type 2 diabetic subjects with nephropathy (DN) were genotyped by MassARRAY. As compared to the NGT group, the odds ratio (adjusted for age, sex, BMI, HbA1c, and systolic BP) computed for the GT/TT genotype taking the GG genotype as reference was found to be 2.02 (95% CI: 1.16-3.51, p = 0.013) for DN and 1.94 (95% CI: 1.36-2.78, p = 0.0002) for DM. The genotype frequency was not significantly different between the DM and DN groups. In conclusion, the rs12255372 polymorphism in the TCF7L2 gene is associated with type 2 diabetes and DN but its association with DN is mediated through diabetes. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/University College London.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Annals of Human Genetics
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    • "The comparison of genotype and allele distribution between these two groups showed that the T allele of the rs7903146 polymorphism is significantly associated with ESRD. This is in agreement with previous findings of the association of TCF7L2 genetic variants with renal function and progression of chronic kidney disease [21, 29]. TCF7L2 as the diabetes-susceptibility gene may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease not only through its effect on diabetes but also through some renal-specific mechanisms. "
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    ABSTRACT: Variants of the transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) have been associated with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in different populations. Here we investigated the potential association of the rs7903146 polymorphism in the TCF7L2 gene with clinical profile of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We examined a cohort of 1065 ESRD patients with diabetic and non-diabetic renal disease. The control group consisted of 924 healthy individuals. All subjects were genotyped for the rs7903146 single nucleotide polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction. The genotype distribution and allele frequencies were significantly different between ESRD patients and controls (p < 0.01). The OR for the TT genotype was 2.81 (95 % CI 2.08-3.79). Genotype and allele frequencies were compared between subgroups of patients with different clinical phenotypes. The frequency of the T allele was significantly higher in patients with diabetic nephropathy versus non-diabetic renal disease (p = 0.007, OR 1.70, 95 % CI 1.36-2.11). The statistically significant differences were demonstrated between patients with and without cardiovascular disease, with the OR for T allele 1.57 (95 % CI 1.31-1.90). The odds ratio for TT genotype was 2.38 (95 % CI 1.62-3.51). In our study the T allele of the rs7903146 SNP in the TCF7L2 gene confers the risk of developing diabetic nephropathy. We described for the first time a strong relationship between the TCF7L2 gene variant rs7903146 and cardiovascular disease in end-stage renal disease patients.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Molecular Biology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Genetic determinations are important in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) pathology. We investigated associations between genetic variants of 17 diabetes-related genes/loci, T2DM and diabetic complications in Chinese She subjects. Methods: A comprehensive gene-based association study was conducted using 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms in Chinese She subjects with normal glucose tolerance (n = 1119), impaired glucose regulation (n = 1767), and T2DM (n = 443). We applied major abnormal Minnesota Code findings to predict cardiovascular risk and estimated glomerular filtration rate to assess kidney function. Results: Nine variants in FTO rs8050136, WFS1 rs10010131, CDKN2A/B rs10811661, KCNJ11 rs5219, CDC123/CAMK1D rs12779790, JAZF1 rs864745, SLC30A8 rs13266634, CDKAL1 rs10946398, and HHEX/IDE rs5015480 were significantly associated with T2DM (P < 0.05). Single nucleotide polymorphisms in WFS1 rs10010131, CDKN2A/B rs10811661, CDC123/CAMK1D rs12779790, JAZF1 rs864745, FTO rs8050136, and HHEX/IDE rs5015480 were associated with T2DM and impaired glucose regulation. Risk alleles in WFS1 rs10010131, IGF2BP2 rs4402960, CDKAL1 rs10946398, FTO rs8050136, KCNQ1 rs2237897, and ADAMTS9 rs4607103 were significantly associated with decreased homeostatic model assessment (HOMA)-β (P < 0.05). After adjusting for age, gender and body mass index, genetic variants JAZF1 rs864745, FTO rs8050136, and HHEX/IDE rs5015480 were significantly related to reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (P < 0.05). Genetic variants in WFS1 rs10010131, CDKN2A/B rs10811661, CDC123/CAMID rs12779790, JAZF1 rs864745, FTO rs80501360, CDKAL1 rs10946398, and HHEX/IDE rs5015480 correlated with abnormal major Minnesota Code findings (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Variants in WFS1, CDKN2A/B, KCNJ11, CDC123/CAMK1D, JAZF1, SLC30A8, FTO, CDKAL1, and HHEX/IDE genes are significantly associated with T2DM in She Chinese subjects. JAZF1, FTO, CDKAL1, and HHEX/IDE are associated with diabetic nephropathy. WFS1, CDKN2A/B, CDC123/CAMK1D, JAZF1, FTO, CDKAL1, and HHEX/IDE are associated with cardiovascular risk.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Journal of Diabetes
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