Experimental Study and Statistical Analysis of Solution-Shearing Processed Organic Transistors Based on an Asymmetric Small-Molecule Semiconductor
Solution processed organic field-effect transistors (SPOFETs) are crucial for realizing low-cost large-area/ubiquitous flexible electronics. Currently, both soluble high-mobility organic semiconductors and efficient solution processes are in demand. In this paper, we report the systematic experimental study and statistical modeling/analysis for the SPOFETs based on an asymmetric small-molecule organic semiconductor, trimethyl-[2, 2<sup>'</sup>; 5<sup>'</sup>, 2<sup>''</sup>; 5<sup>''</sup>, 2<sup>'''</sup>] quarter-thiophen-5-yl-silane (4 T-TMS), which was deposited as the active layer through a recently developed low-temperature solution-shearing process. Three-dimensional statistical modeling and analysis bas ed on 46 different processing conditions was used to comprehensively study the solution-shearing process control and optimization for fabricating high-performance 4T-TMS SPOFETs. Various effects including solution concentration effect, shearing speed effect, and deposition temperature effect were investigated and discussed. Under optimized processing conditions, well-oriented crystalline 4 T-TMS thin films were deposited for the SPOFETs, which showed remarkable effective field-effect mobility up to 0.3 cm<sup>2</sup>/V middots in the saturation region and current on/off ratios over 10<sup>6</sup>. Gaussian fitted uniformity and good air stability of these devices stored and tested under ambient conditions for six months suggest that 4 T-TMS SPOFETs based on the optimized solution-shearing process are promising for applications in organic electronic circuits and displays. Importantly, the systematic experiment design and the corresponding statistical modeling/analysis presented here provide a general guideline for process optimization for fabricating high-performance SPOFETs.
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