Conference Paper

Micro hydro potential in West Malaysia

Dept. of Mech. Eng., Univ. Tenaga Nasional, Kajang, Malaysia
DOI: 10.1109/ICEENVIRON.2009.5398621 Conference: Energy and Environment, 2009. ICEE 2009. 3rd International Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT

Combination of highland areas with huge river networks promise Malaysia with a lot of hydro power potential. To date Malaysia had utilized this potential in the range of large and mini hydropower but not in the micro hydro range. Micro hydro refers to power generation in the range of 5 kW to 100 kW. Micro hydro can provide alternative renewable energy sources especially in areas with small rivers or streams flowing. In identifying the micro hydro potential sites, reconnaissance studies is normally conducted. It is a preliminary study to identify micro hydropower potential. This paper presents the results of reconnaissance studies carried out to identify the micro hydro potential in West Malaysia. The reconnaissance studies were conducted with data from the Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia, (JUPEM) and Metrological Department Malaysia. All the identified streams are located in areas which are accessible and/or showed evidence of settlements. Only streams with high head i.e. above 50 m were considered in this study. From the reconnaissance studies, a total of 109 sites having micro hydro potential of about 20.4 MW were identified. However, the energy demand for micro hydro was found not significant in West Malaysia as most areas are electrified. Still, micro hydro generation may serve as alternative renewable energy source in future amid rising electricity cost.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Nathan Raman, Jul 29, 2015
    • "Works related to assessing hydropower potential were conducted by many researchers in Malaysia and globally. I. Hussein and N. Raman performed reconnaissance studies for micro-hydro potential in Malaysia [5] [6]. Subsequently, J. I. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes hydropower potential sites for a resort island located in the South China Sea. Furthermore, the effects of seasonal climate to hydropower generation are also discussed. The resort island selected is Tioman, as it represents the typical energy requirements of many resort islands in the South China Sea. The island relies mainly on diesel-fuel for electricity generation. However, diesel is subjected to high and volatile market prices, high operation and maintenance costs, and poses environmental risks. Therefore, to mitigate diesel fuel dependency, reconnaissance studies were conducted through topographic maps and hydrological studies in order to determine the potential sites or locations available for the development of a micro-hydropower plant in Tioman Island. The result shows that a total of 10 sites identified to have micro-hydro potential from 26 investigated sites. From the monthly estimated river flow, it can be seen that the hydropower in Tioman Island varies seasonally, having the highest potential during the northeast monsoon season.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Dec 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malaysia is blessed with abundant streams and rivers flowing from highland areas, thus promise it with a lot of hydro power potential. To date Malaysia had utilized these potential in the range of large and mini hydropower but very few in the micro hydro range. This paper presents the results of reconnaissance studies carried out to identify the micro hydro potential sites in Malaysia. The reconnaissance studies were conducted with data from the Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia, (JUPEM) and Metrological Department Malaysia. All the identified streams were located in areas which are accessible and/or showed evidence of settlements. Only streams with high head i.e. above 50m, were considered in this study. From the reconnaissance studies, a total of 149 sites were identified. However, the energy demand for micro hydro was found not significant as most areas in Malaysia are electrified. Still, micro hydro generation may serve as alternative renewable energy source in future amid rising electricity cost.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper highlights the design and development of micro hydro generation system which uses water to generate renewable energy. Electricity is generated from the conversion of one form energy to another. The turbine converts the energy in the moving water into rotational energy at its shaft, which is then converted to electrical energy by generator. The proposed micro hydro system will use the water source from consuming water which distributed to consumers. Thus, the system must be designed with the ability to produce high water pressure so the turbine will be able to rotate at the highest possible speed and at the same time the water can be recycled to be used in the routine activities such as bath. The water which is supplied to the consumer can be fully utilized by using the micro hydro generation system.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011
Show more