FNA of thyroid granular cell tumor

Department of Pathology, College Station Medical Center, Bryan, Texas.
Diagnostic Cytopathology (Impact Factor: 1.12). 09/2013; 41(9). DOI: 10.1002/dc.22851
Source: PubMed


Granular cell tumor rarely occurs in the thyroid. This case report describes the cytologic features of a granular cell tumor seen in a fine needle aspirate obtained from a 27-year-old woman with a gradually enlarging thyroid nodule. The aspirate showed single as well as syncytial clusters of cells with abundant granular cytoplasm. The differential diagnosis in this case included granular cell tumor, Hurthle cell lesion/neoplasm, and a histiocytic reparative process. Immunohistochemical studies, including S-100 protein and CD68, performed on a cell block preparation were helpful in supporting the diagnosis. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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    ABSTRACT: Granular cell tumor (GCT) is an uncommon tumor of soft tissue, and rarely occurs in thyroid. In this article, we report the FNAC results and pathological analysis of a 14-year-old female who presented with a painless mass in the right lobe of thyroid gland. A resection of the right lobe and isthmus of thyroid were applied after cells with abundant strong eosinophilic cytoplasma, indistinct border and inconspicuous nucleolus were found in the FNAC of the mass. Postoperative pathology and immunohistology helped diagnosis the lesion as thyroid GCT. Differential diagnosis from five diseases and cell types were performed and a review of all eleven papers reporting thyroid GCT was provided.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Granular cell tumors (GCT) formerly known as Abrikossoff tumor or granular cell myoblastoma, are rare neoplasms encountered in the fine needle aspiration (FNA) service. Named because of their highly granular cytoplasm which is invariably positive for the S-100 antibody, the classic GCT is thought to be of neural origin. The cytomorphological features range from highly cellular to scanty cellular smears with dispersed polygonal tumor cells. The cells have abundant eosinophilic granular cytoplasm, eccentric round to oval vesicular nuclei with small inconspicuous nucleoli. The fragility of the cells can result in many stripped nuclei in a granular background. The differential diagnosis occasionally can range from a benign or reactive process to features that are suspicious for malignancy. Some of the concerning cytologic features include necrosis, mitoses and nuclear pleomorphism. Methods: We identified 6 cases of suspected GCT on cytology within the last 10 years and compared them to their final histologic diagnoses. Results: Four had histologic correlation of GCT including one case that was suspicious for GCT on cytology and called atypical with features concerning for a malignant neoplasm. Of the other two cases where GCT was suspected, one showed breast tissue with fibrocystic changes, and the other was a Hurthle cell adenoma of the thyroid. Conclusions: These results imply that FNA has utility in the diagnosis of GCT, and should be included in the differential diagnoses when cells with abundant granular cytoplasm are seen on cytology. Careful attention to cytologic atypia, signs of reactive changes, use of immunohistochemistry, and clinical correlation are helpful in arriving at a definite diagnosis on FNA cytology.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · CytoJournal
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    ABSTRACT: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are soft tissue neoplasms that originate in the nervous system, which may arise anywhere in the body. However, GCTs are extremely uncommon in thyroid tumors, with a favorable prognosis. The diagnosis of GCTs is dependent on pathological and immunohistochemical analysis and at present, surgical resection is considered the only suitable treatment. Regular follow-up after surgery is an important way to monitor treatment outcome and recurrence. The present study describes a new pathological type of thyroid GCTs diagnosed by pathology and immunohistochemistry. A 14-year-old female was referred to the West China Hospital of Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), for thyroid incidentaloma. Laboratory examinations were within the normal range. Thyroid sonography demonstrated a solid hypoechoic mass in the right lobe of the thyroid. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed a suspicious malignant tumor and subsequently a total thyroidectomy was performed. Analysis of frozen sections, from obtained samples, did not facilitate a definite diagnosis. Finally, a thyroid benign granular tumor with atypical changes was diagnosed by postoperative pathology and immunohistochemistry. A 14-month post-operative follow-up showed that the patient experienced a stable recovery and had no signs of recurrence or metastasis. The case emphasizes that the diagnosis of thyroid granular cell tumors is predominantly based on postoperative morphology and immunophenotype. The clinical routine for the differential diagnosis may be due to: (i) neoplasms displaying a granular appearance mimicking granular cell tumors, or (ii) differential diagnosis in the pathological category of granular cell tumors. Further accumulation of such rare cases may be of clinical significance in aiding the diagnosis and treatment of GCTs.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Oncology letters
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