Twin Pregnancies with Single Fetal Death: Analysis of 38 Cases

Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Research and Education Hospital , Ankara , Turkey.
Fetal and pediatric pathology (Impact Factor: 0.48). 04/2012; 32(1). DOI: 10.3109/15513815.2012.671446
Source: PubMed


The objective of this study is to evaluate fetal and maternal outcomes of twin pregnancies with intrauterine single fetal death. In 13 cases, intrauterine death of one fetus was found during the first trimester; in 25 cases, it was found after the first trimester. Obstetric complications and fibrinogen levels were compared. There were no significant differences in the number of preterm delivery, preeclampsia, and intrauterine growth restriction and there were significant differences in gestational age at delivery and birth weight between groups. Coagulation disorders did not occur. The risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes with a single fetal death during and after the first trimester is similar.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the maternal and fetal demographic features and clinical aspects of twin pregnancies with single intrauterine demise. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics between January 2008 and December 2013. There were a total of 594 twin deliveries in our hospital between the given dates. Twenty-nine of these cases were referred to our hospital by another health center because of a preliminary diagnosis of single intrauterine demise. Maternal age, parity, chorionicity, week of fetal death, gestational week at delivery, mode of delivery, birth weight, Activity, pulse, grimace, appearance, respiration scores, maternal fibrinogen levels at delivery and during pregnancy, stay in the neonatal intensive care unit, and obstetric complications were explored in these 29 cases of single intrauterine demise. Results: The mean age of the 29 patients who were provided antenatal follow-up and delivery services in our hospital was 29.9±6.5 years. Thirteen (44.8%) of the patients were monochorionic, whereas 16 (55.2%) were dichorionic. Intrauterine fetal death occurred in the first trimester in 6 pateints and in the second or third trimester in 23. In addition, 20 (69%) patients underwent cesarean section, whereas 9 (31%) had spontaneous vaginal delivery. Lastly, none of the patients had a maternal coagulation disorder. Conclusion: Twin pregnancies with single intrauterine death can lead to various complications for both the surviving fetus and the mother. Close maternal and fetal monitoring, and proper care and management can minimize complications. © 2015, Turkish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. All rights reserved.
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