Extraction of shear viscosity in stationary states of relativistic particle systems

ArticleinPhysical Review E 85(2 Pt 2):026302 · February 2012with7 Reads
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.026302 · Source: PubMed
Starting from a classical picture of shear viscosity we construct a stationary velocity gradient in a microscopic parton cascade. Employing the Navier-Stokes ansatz we extract the shear viscosity coefficient η. For elastic isotropic scatterings we find an excellent agreement with the analytic values. This confirms the applicability of this method. Furthermore, for both elastic and inelastic scatterings with pQCD based cross sections we extract the shear viscosity coefficient η for a pure gluonic system and find a good agreement with already published calculations.
    • "In this work, the relativistic 3+1 dimensional Boltzmann equation is solved numerically using the semiclassical parton cascade BAMPS, developed and previously employed in Refs. [8, 9, 11, 28, 29,3132333435363738. BAMPS solves the Boltzmann equation microscopically, "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Electric conductivity is sensitive to effective cross sections among the particles of the partonic medium. We investigate the electric conductivity of a hot plasma of quarks and gluons, solving the relativistic Boltzmann equation. In order to extract this transport coefficient, we employ the Green-Kubo formalism and independently a method motivated by the classical definition of electric conductivity. To this end we evaluate the static electric diffusion current upon influence of an electric field. Both methods give identical results. For the first time, we obtain numerically the Drude electric conductivity formula for an ultrarelativistic gas of quarks and gluons employing constant isotropic binary cross sections. Furthermore we extract the electric conductivity for a system of massless quarks and gluons including $2\leftrightarrow 3$ screened binary pQCD scattering. Comparing with recent lattice results we find an agreement in the temperature dependence of the conductivity.
    Article · Aug 2014
    • "Even though these differences are not so large for the shear viscosity coefficient, which has been discussed in details in Refs. [37, 38], they can be significantly large for heat conductivity, as will be discussed in the following. The results from BAMPS can help to clarify which method reflects more reliably the underlying microscopic theory. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Motivated by the classical picture of heat flow we construct a stationary temperature gradient in a relativistic microscopic transport model. Employing the relativistic Navier-Stokes ansatz we extract the heat conductivity {\kappa} for a massless Boltzmann gas using only binary collisions with isotropic cross sections. We compare the numerical results to analytical expressions from different theories and discuss the final results. The directly extracted value for the heat conductivity can be referred to as a literature reference within the numerical uncertainties.
    Article · Jan 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The shear viscosity of a gluon gas is calculated using the Green-Kubo relation. Time correlations of the energy-momentum tensor in thermal equilibrium are extracted from microscopic simulations using a parton cascade solving various Boltzmann collision processes. We find that the pQCD based gluon bremsstrahlung described by Gunion-Bertsch processes significantly lowers the shear viscosity by a factor of 3-8 compared to elastic scatterings. The shear viscosity scales with the coupling as 1/(alpha_s^2\log(1/alpha_s)). For a constant coupling constant the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio has no dependence on temperature. Replacing the pQCD-based collision angle distribution of binary scatterings by an isotropic form decreases the shear viscosity by a factor of 3.
    Article · Jun 2011
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