Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde? (How) the Internet influences vaccination decisions: Recent evidence and tentative guidelines for online vaccine communication

University of Erfurt, Germany.
Vaccine (Impact Factor: 3.62). 03/2012; 30(25):3723-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.03.078
Source: PubMed
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    • "Health information from the media is not always correct, complete, and transparent [5,6]; the media is, however, considered to be an important source of this information. According to our results, the media was not sufficient to provide correct information to our sample about infant vaccination. "
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    ABSTRACT: Vaccination centres in the Campania Region, southern Italy, vaccinate children with a hexavalent vaccine that contains the mandatory vaccines diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, and viral Hepatitis B. This vaccine also includes two non-mandatory vaccines, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B. Information about these optional vaccines should be communicated to the parents, and informed consent should be obtained from parents before vaccination. We explored whether informed consent was delivered to the parents, whether they signed the consent form, and whether they read and acquired the information about the vaccination that their child would receive. Childhood immunisations are provided at specific public health vaccination centres, "Unita Operative Materno-infantili's" (UOMIs). We selected four UOMI from the Campania Region where we interviewed 1039 parents bringing their children for the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd doses of hexavalent vaccine. The consent forms were collected from the four vaccination centres and were analysed with respect to clarity and completeness. Most of the respondents (89.5%) were mothers between 20 and 39 years of age (80.4% vs 59.6% of the fathers), they were married (87.2% vs 93.5% of the fathers), and only one-half of them were employed (50.2% vs 92.6% of the fathers). The informed consent form was received from 58.1% of the parents and signed by 52.8%, but read by 35.0% of them. Only 1.5% of parents knew which vaccines were mandatory, and 25.0% of them believed that the entire hexavalent vaccine was mandatory. When we asked the parents which non-mandatory vaccinations were administered to their children, only 0.5% indicated the Haemophilus influenzae type B and none indicated the pertussis vaccine. Thirty-six per cent of the parents replied that their child had not received any non-mandatory vaccines. No parents were informed by the operators that their children would receive non-mandatory vaccines. In our study, consent procedures did not allow parents to acquire correct information about vaccine options for their children. Furthermore, not one health care provider informed parents that their child was receiving non-mandatory vaccines. The informed consent process and the individual health care providers did not properly inform parents about the vaccines administered to their children.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · BMC Public Health
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been available for males since 2009, its uptake remains low. In light of new recommendations for universal vaccination of males, understanding parental attitudes toward this vaccine is important. This study aimed to describe HPV-related knowledge and intention to accept HPV vaccination among White, Black and Latino parents of sons and to assess vaccination rates among their sons. Methods: We interviewed parents (68 Black, 28 Latino and 24 White; mean age, 43.5) of sons (mean age, 14) attending an urban academic medical center and a community health center. Eligible parents self-identified as White, Black or Latino and spoke English, Spanish or Haitian-Creole. We collected demographic information, knowledge related to HPV vaccination, parents' intent to vaccinate sons and HPV vaccination rates. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression were used to describe data. Results: Most parents were mothers, married, expressed a religious affiliation and had completed high school or college. Parents had limited knowledge about HPV; White parents were more knowledgeable than Black parents. Most parents (75%) intended to accept HPV vaccination if recommended by physicians; no racial differences were noted. However, only 30% of sons were vaccinated. Logistic regression indicated that internet use was negatively associated with intention to vaccinate. Intention to vaccinate, clinical site of care and having an older son were associated with vaccine receipt. Conclusions: Although parents in our study had limited understanding of HPV disease in males, most would vaccinate their sons if recommended by their physicians.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to describe the vaccine coverage (VC(1)) for some occupational vaccines (hepatitis B, pertussis, seasonal and pandemic influenza) among French General Practitioners (GPs(2)) and to study the factors associated with being vaccinated for each of these four diseases. We surveyed a representative national sample of 1431 self-employed GPs in France. Self-reported VC was 76.9% for 2009/10 seasonal influenza, 73.0% for hepatitis B, 63.9% for pertussis and 60.8% for A/H1N1 pandemic influenza. The factors associated with reporting being vaccinated were quite different from one vaccine to another. For some or all four vaccines, we found a significant positive association (p<0.05) with the following factors in the multivariate analysis: GP's male gender, high volume of activity, no particular mode of exercise (e.g. homoeopathy), no use of Internet at the practice, Continuing Medical Education sessions, discussing the benefits and risks of vaccination with the patients and performing prevention investigations for oneself (lipid profile). Being vaccinated for one vaccine also increased the VC for some or all three other studied vaccines. All these findings argue for public health campaigns using messages adapted to each vaccine.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Vaccine
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