Reciprocal pathways between intimate partner violence and sleep in men and women

Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5214, USA.
Journal of Family Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 04/2012; 26(3):470-7. DOI: 10.1037/a0027828
Source: PubMed


Toward explicating associations and directionality of effects between relationship processes and a fundamental facet of health, we examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between the perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) and men and women's sleep. During two assessments, a diverse community sample of couples reported on their perpetrated acts of psychological and physical IPV and their sleep quality. Cross-sectional associations between IPV and sleep were evident for both partners, in particular between psychological IPV and sleep. A dyadic path analysis controlling for the autoregressive effects and within-time correlations revealed longitudinal links between men's perpetration of IPV and their sleep quality. Even though high levels of stability in all IPV and sleep measures were observed over time, results indicated that sleep problems predicted increases in the perpetration of psychological IPV over time for both men and women. Cross-partner effects emerged for men, revealing that men's sleep problems were strongly affected by their partner's earlier perpetration of IPV and sleep difficulties. Findings illustrate the significance of contemporaneous, dyadic assessments of relationship processes and sleep for a better understanding of both facets of adaptation, and have implications for those wishing to understand the etiology and consequences of the perpetration of IPV for both men and women.

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Available from: Amy J Rauer, Feb 10, 2015
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    • "Intimate partner violence also influenced sleep quality [13] [14]. A bidirectional association of sleep on intimate partner violence and vice versa was found in couples living together and having at least one child [14]. Furthermore , psychological violence predicted sleep problems two years later, mediated by depression and anxiety [13] "
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    • "While poor sleep predicted more negative marital interactions for males only, increased negative marital interactions predicted lower sleep efficiency for females only. Rauer and Elsheikh [23] provided a different perspective focusing on physical and psychological abuse between marital partners . In 215 couples with school-aged children, they found that both husbands and wives with sleep disturbance were more likely to engage in psychological abuse toward their partners 11 months later. "
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