Historical Background of the Child Labor Regulations: Strengths and Limitations of the Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, Olympia, Washington, USA. Journal of Agromedicine
(Impact Factor: 0.91).
04/2012; 17(2):163-85. DOI: 10.1080/1059924X.2012.660434
The purpose of this paper is to review the background of key legislative and regulatory milestones of the initial laws and federal child labor provisions limiting hazardous work by children in agriculture up to the more recent developments contributing to the proposed updates to the agricultural hazardous occupations orders. A summary of the key changes are described and the significant differences between agricultural and nonagricultural regulations are highlighted. Recommendations for future policy are provided.
Available from: Amy K Liebman
- "Regulations for youth employed in agriculture were enacted in 1970, but are less protective than for youth employed in nonagricultural settings [Miller, 2012]. Children as young as 12 years of age can legally work and perform far more dangerous activities in agriculture than they can in nonagricultural settings [Miller, 2012]. Children of farm owners are completely exempt from the FLSA [Miller, 2010]. "
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This article introduces some key labor, economic, and social policies that historically and currently impact occupational health disparities in the United States.
We conducted a broad review of the peer-reviewed and gray literature on the effects of social, economic, and labor policies on occupational health disparities.
Many populations such as tipped workers, public employees, immigrant workers, and misclassified workers are not protected by current laws and policies, including worker's compensation or Occupational Safety and Health Administration enforcement of standards. Local and state initiatives, such as living wage laws and community benefit agreements, as well as multiagency law enforcement contribute to reducing occupational health disparities.
There is a need to build coalitions and collaborations to command the resources necessary to identify, and then reduce and eliminate occupational disparities by establishing healthy, safe, and just work for all.
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