Establishment of a rapid and easy method for simultaneous detection of FLT3-ITD and NPM1 gene mutations in acute myeloid leukemia

ArticleinZhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 29(2):163-6 · April 2012with5 Reads
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2012.02.010 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
To establish a stable, rapid multiplex PCR assay combined with PAGE gel electrophoresis for simultaneously detecting FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Capillary electrophoresis (CE) and PAGE gel electrophoresis were simultaneously used to analyze FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations in 117 de novo AML patients with normal cytogenetic findings. For certain mutations, the length of mutated double-stranded DNA is longer than wild-type DNA. Since FLT3-mut (420 bp) is longer than FLT3-wt (327-332 bp), and NPM1-mut (172 bp) is longer than NPM1-wt (168 bp), heteroduplex will move more slowly during PAGE gel electrophoresis than homoduplex. Therefore the mutations may be detected. A total of 117 CN-AML patients were analyzed with CE and PAGE gel electrophoresis, and the results were identical, which included 18 (15.4%) patients with FLT3-ITD+/NPM1-, 19 (16.2%) patients with FLT3-ITD+/NPM1+, 25 (21.4%) patients with FLT3-ITD-/NPM1+, and 55 (47.0%) patients with FLT3-ITD-/NPM1-. Both types of electrophoresis assays may provide a rapid and handy assay for simultaneous detection of FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations. CE is relatively sensitive, stable; while PAGE electrophoresis is relatively simple, cheap, and reliable, which may be suitable for primary hospitals and preliminary screening.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the expression of BCL2L12 gene and its clinical significance for de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was employed to measure the expression of BCL2L12 gene in 134 patients with de novo AML. The results were correlated with clinical features of patients. BCL2L12 gene transcript was determined for 134 AML patients and 49 healthy controls, with the median levels measured 0.1029 (0.0119-26.4090) and 0.2677 (0.0173-1.2858), respectively. There was a significant difference in the strength of BCL2L12 gene expression between patients and normal controls (P < 0.01). Those with lower BCL2L12 expression levels had a higher FLT3-ITD mutation rate compared with those with higher levels (27% vs. 5%, P = 0.036). Relapsed or refractory AML patients had lower expression compared with newly diagnosed patients (0.0873 vs. 0.1359, P = 0.014). There was no difference in overall survival (OS) between patients with higher and lower expression levels. However, for AML patients with a normal karyotype, the OS for those with lower expression was significant shorter (P = 0.037). De novo AML patients have a lower level of BCL2L12 gene expression. AML patients with lower BCL2L12 expression have a higher FLT3-ITD mutation rate, and most of them are relapse or refractory patients. In addition, among patients with a normal karyotype, those with a lower BCL2L12 expression have a shorter OS. Therefore, expression of the BCL2L12 gene may be used as a prognostic marker for AML patients with a normal karyotype.
    Article · Oct 2013

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