Effects of succinylacetone on dimethylsulfoxide-mediated induction of heme pathway enzymes in mouse Friend virus-transformed erythroleukemia cells

University Paris 7, Faculty of Medicine X. Bichat, Department of Biochemistry, Hospital Louis Mourier, 92701 Colombes, France
Experimental Cell Research (Impact Factor: 3.25). 11/1984; 154(2):474-484. DOI: 10.1016/0014-4827(84)90171-X


Heme has been reported to exert a control over its own biosynthesis and to affect the erythroid differentiation process at different sites. In this study, succinylacetone, a powerful inhibitor of δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase was used to block heme synthesis and to study the effects of heme depletion on the dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO)-mediated induction of the heme pathway enzymes in Friend virus-transformed erythroleukemia cells. The presence of succinylacetone in the medium during the DMSO treatment (1) potentiates the induction of δ-aminolevulinic acid synthetase (the first enzyme of the pathway) and this effect is reversed by the addition of exogenous hemin; (2) does not affect the induction of δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase (the second enzyme); (3) prevents the induction of porphobilinogen deaminase (the third enzyme), since no increase could be detected in either the enzyme activity or the immunoreactive protein and this effect could not be reversed by the addition of exogenous hemin; (4) does not affect the induction of ferrochelatase. The possible role of heme or of intermediate metabolites of the pathway on the induction of these enzymes during the erythroid differentiation process is discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: Porphobilinogen deaminase is induced during the dimethyl sulfoxide-mediated differentiation of Friend erythroleukemia cells. We have previously shown that when succinylacetone, a potent inhibitor of porphobilinogen formation, is present during the differentiation process, the induction of the enzyme is apparently suppressed. Here, we provide evidence that, in this condition, porphobilinogen deaminase is synthesized normally but does not accumulate as a consequence of an accelerated turnover. The normal half-life of the protein is 24 h but decreases to 10 h when the formation of its substrate is impaired by succinylacetone. We propose that when the enzyme is covalently bound to its substrate, a normal step in this enzymatic reaction, it is protected from proteolytic degradation, and we show that this new finding is relevant to the human disorder acute intermittent porphyria.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1986 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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    ABSTRACT: In many types of cells the synthesis of δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) limits the rate of heme formation. However, results from our laboratory with reticulocytes suggest that the rate of iron uptake from transferrin (Tf), rather than ALA synthase activity, limits the rate of heme synthesis in erythroid cells. To determine whether changes occur in iron metabolism and the control of heme synthesis durihg. Erythroid cell development Friend erythroleukemia cells induced to erythroid differentiation by dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) were studied. While added ALA stimulated heme synthesis in uninduced Friend cells (suggesting ALA synthase is limiting) it did not do so in induced cells. Therefore the possibility was investigated that, in induced cells, iron uptake from Tf limits and controls heme synthesis. Several aspects of iron metabolism were investigated using the synthetic iron chelator salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone (SIH). Both induced and uninduced Friend cells take up and utilize Fe for heme synthesis directly from Fe-SIH without the involvement of transferrin and transferrin receptors and to a much greater extent than from saturating levels of Fe-Tf (20 μM). Furthermore, in induced Friend cells 100 μM Fe-SIH stimulated 2-l4C-glycine incorporation into heme up to 3.6-fold as compared to the incorporation observed with saturating concentrations of Fe-Tf. In contrast, Fe-SIH, even when added in high concentrations, did not stimulate heme synthesis in uninduced Friend cells but was able to do so as early as 24 to 48 h following induction. In addition, contrary to previous results with rabbit reticulocytes, Fe-SIH also stimulated globin synthesis in induced Friend cells above the level seen with saturating concentrations of transferrin. These results indicate that some step(s) in the pathway of iron from extracellular Tf to protoporphyrin, rather than the activity of ALA synthase, limits and controls the overall rate of heme and possibly hemoglobin synthesis in differentiating Friend erythroleukemia cells.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1986 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Haem controls the rate of haem synthesis in erythroid cells by inhibiting iron incorporation from transferrin. The present results indicate that haem primarily inhibits the release of iron from transferrin subsequent to transferrin endocytosis and that the inhibition of transferrin endocytosis caused by relatively high concentrations of haem is a secondary effect. Low concentrations of haem (10-25 microM) significantly inhibit reticulocyte iron uptake and to a greater extent its incorporation into haem, but do not inhibit either the initial rate of transferrin uptake or its internalization by the cells.
    Preview · Article · May 1988 · Biochemical Journal
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