Angiotensin AT2 receptor stimulates ERK1 and ERK2 in quiescent but inhibits ERK in NGF-stimulated PC12W cells
To investigate the influence of AT2 receptor stimulation on the ERK pathway and elucidate potential mechanisms of angiotensin II (ANG II)-mediated neuronal differentiation, we analysed tyrosine phosphorylation and activity of ERK after ANG II treatment of both quiescent and NGF-treated PC12W cells. Tyrosine phosphorylation of ERK1 and ERK2 corresponded with the activity of ERK. While ANG II induced an initial activation of ERK in quiescent cells, the NGF-mediated plateau of ERK-stimulation was lowered by costimulation with ANG II. All effects of ANG II were sensitive to AT2 – but not AT1 receptor blockade. Ang II-mediated neurite outgrowth in PC12W cells was inhibited by co-treatment with the MEK inhibitor PD 098059. These findings demonstrate that the AT2 receptor modulates ERK activity depending on the overall cellular input. The distinct regulation of ERK by ANG II and NGF further indicates basic differences in AT2 receptor- and NGF-induced neuronal differentiation.