Size and pH effect on electrical and conformational behavior of poly(acrylic acid): Simulation and experiment
Department of Inorganic, Analytical, and Applied Chemistry, University of Geneva, Genève, Geneva, Switzerland European Polymer Journal
(Impact Factor: 3.01).
05/2006; 42(5):1135-1144. DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2005.11.023
Monte Carlo simulations, experimental titrations and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy experiments were used to investigate the conformational and electrical properties of polyacrylic acids (PAA). On the one hand, titration curves were calculated to get an insight into the role of pH on the degree of ionization and conformation of PAA chains. On the other hand, experimental potentiometric titrations of PAA were also achieved for different PAA molecular weights and compared to the calculated titration curves obtained by Monte Carlo coarse grained simulations. It was found that for a large range at intermediate PAA ionizations, a good correlation is obtained between experimental and simulations data thanks to the prominence of electrostatic interactions in this domain. The effect of ionic concentration and PAA molecular weight on the titration curves was also investigated. In order to get a better understanding of PAA conformational behavior, we also investigated PAA diffusion properties in aqueous solutions as a function of pH and ionic strength by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), thanks to its high sensitivity to measure diffusion coefficients of tracer solutes. Good qualitative agreements were observed between experimental diffusivities and polymer properties calculated from MC simulations. It was shown that the high molecular weight PAA chains display more significant changes in diffusivity in agreement with the ionization degrees and conformational changes observed in the simulations.
Available from: Durai Murugan
- "Polycarboxylic acids with a-alkyl substituents undergo short range and long range molecular motions in dilute solutions and in gels leading to sharp structural transitions . Polymer dynamics in aqueous solutions, gels as well as in thin films under different conditions of temperature, pH and ionic strength has been investigated extensively    . Electrostatic repulsion, "
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ABSTRACT: The conformational transition of polyacrylic acids and the formation of interpolymer complexes with synthetic polymers in aqueous solution are investigated using the triplet state of the cationic dye phenosafranine covalently attached to the polymer chain. Laser excitation of the phenosafranine dye covalently bound to polymethacrylic acid at 532nm shows that the absorption spectrum of the triplet state shifts to red region by 40nm as compared to that of the free dye in aqueous solution and the triplet state lifetime is enhanced by 20-fold. Laser flash excitation shows that the environment of the triplet state of the dye bound to the polyelectrolyte at pH ⩽5.5 in aqueous solution is more rigid and less polar resulting in a highly compact globular nature of the polymer. The decay of the triplet state of the dye bound to the polymer is attributed to the quenching of the excited state by the carboxylate groups of polyacrylic acids and to the decay process of the triplet in the tightly coiled polymer environment in the pH range 2.0–5.0. The spectra of the triplet dye molecules bound to the polymer at different degree of ionization of the polyelectrolyte suggest that the structural transition from compact globular structure to stretched rod like structure is cooperative involving a series of structural transitions. The observation of diprotonated triplet state of the PMAA bound dye at higher pH (i.e. pH ∼7.0) reveals the existence of an intermediate structure akin to a micellar segment in PMAA prior to the formation of elongated linear chain. The self-organization of PMAA adduct formation with complementary macromolecules, PVP, PEO and PVA primarily due to hydrogen bonding makes the environment of the dye in the adduct more compact and rigid; in particular poly(vinylpyrrolidone), PVP, has the tendency to form more compact interpolymer complex at pH 4.5 than poly(vinyl alcohol), PVA, and poly(ethylene oxide), PEO as revealed from the laser flash photolysis studies of the polymer bound dye using triplet state of the phenosafranine as the marker.
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ABSTRACT: In the development of a new kind of grinding tools with electrophoretic principles, we need to estimate the surface roughness under specific conditions. According to the electrophoretic characteristics of the ultra-fine abrasives, this paper explains the forming mechanism of electrophoretic grinding wheel (EGW) and focuses on prediction of surface roughness finished by an EGW. A fuzzy prediction system on surface roughness (FPSSR) is set up with iterative self-organizing data cluster analysis based on fuzzy similar relations. It is used to estimate the surface roughness of a work-piece dynamically under specific conditions. The result shows that the surface roughness predicted by FPSSR meets well with real experimental results.
Available from: Marianne Seijo
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ABSTRACT: Monte Carlo simulations have been used to study two different models for a weak linear polyelectrolyte in the presence of nanoparticles: (i) a rodlike and (ii) a flexible polyelectrolytes. The use of simulated annealing has made it possible to simulate a polyelectrolyte chain in the presence of several nanoparticles by improving conformation sampling and avoiding multiple minima problems when dense conformations are produced. Nanoparticle distributions along the polymer backbone were analyzed versus the ionic concentration, polyelectrolyte stiffness, and nanoparticle surface charge. Titration curves were calculated and the influences of the ionic concentration, solution pH, and number of adsorbed nanoparticles on the acid/base polyelectrolyte properties have been systematically investigated. The subtle balance of attractive and repulsive interactions has been discussed, and some characteristic conformations are presented. The comparison of the two limit models provides a good representation of the stiffness influence on the complex formation. In some conditions, overcharging was obtained and presented with respect to both the polyelectrolyte and nanoparticle as the central element. Finally, the charge mobility influence along the polyelectrolyte backbone was investigated by considering annealed and quenched polyelectrolyte chains.
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