Comparing the Spanish and the discriminatory auction formats: A discrete model with private information

Departamento de Economía Cuantitativa, Universidad Complutense, Campus de Somosaguas, 28223 Madrid, Spain
European Journal of Operational Research (Impact Factor: 2.36). 02/2007; 179(1):253-266. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2006.02.044


The Spanish Treasury is the only Treasury in the world that uses a hybrid system of discriminatory and uniform price auctions to sell government debt: winning bidders pay their bid price for each unit if this is lower than the weighted average price of winning bids (WAP), and pay the WAP otherwise. Following Gordy [Gordy, M., 1996. Multiple bids in a multiple-unit common-value auction. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System], we model the Spanish auction as a common value auction of multiple units with private information, allowing for multiple bids. Numerical analysis shows that bidders spread their bids more in the Spanish than in the discriminatory auction and bid higher for the first unit, and that the expected seller’s revenue is higher in the Spanish than in the discriminatory auction within a reasonable set of parameter values.

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