Expression analysis of RING zinc finger genes from Triticum aestivum and identification of TaRZF70 that contains four RING-H2 domains and differentially responds to water deficit between leaf and root
ARC Centre of Excellence for Integrative Legume Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia Plant Science
(Impact Factor: 3.61).
12/2007; 173(6):650-659. DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2007.09.001
RING zinc finger proteins are known for their role predominantly in targeted protein degradation and participate in gene regulation through interaction with other regulatory proteins. In this study seven RING zinc finger genes from Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) were analysed for expression profiles in various organs (leaf, root, stem, spike, endosperm and embryo) and during leaf development and aging as well as in their responses to water deficit. Expression levels of six of these seven genes varied markedly among the six organs examined. All seven genes changed their expression levels in the leaf from the growing to senescing stage. Four genes were responsive to water deficit. A RING-H2 zinc finger gene, TaRZF70 showed differential response to water deprivation, namely up-regulation in the leaf and down-regulation in the root. This differential response was also observed in abscisic acid (ABA)-treated plants. Sequence analysis revealed that TaRZF70 contained four RING-H2 domains, the largest number of RING-H2 domains in any RING-H2 zinc finger proteins reported to date. These results indicate that these RING zinc finger genes are involved in diverse physiological processes in wheat, including response to drought.
Available from: Arash Nezhadahmadi
- "Wheat V-PPase genes, TaVP3, TaVP2, and TaVP1 were investigated by Wang et al. . Kam et al.  also detected the responsible genes in wheat for water stress. They observed that TaRZF70 as a RING-H2 zinc finger gene presented various responses to drought stress which was upregulated in the leaf and downregulated in the root . "
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ABSTRACT: Drought is one of the most important phenomena which limit crops' production and yield. Crops demonstrate various morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses to tackle drought stress. Plants' vegetative and reproductive stages are intensively influenced by drought stress. Drought tolerance is a complicated trait which is controlled by polygenes and their expressions are influenced by various environmental elements. This means that breeding for this trait is so difficult and new molecular methods such as molecular markers, quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping strategies, and expression patterns of genes should be applied to produce drought tolerant genotypes. In wheat, there are several genes which are responsible for drought stress tolerance and produce different types of enzymes and proteins for instance, late embryogenesis abundant (lea), responsive to abscisic acid (Rab), rubisco, helicase, proline, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and carbohydrates during drought stress. This review paper has concentrated on the study of water limitation and its effects on morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of wheat with the possible losses caused by drought stress.
Available from: B. Aftab
- "TaRZF70 from T. aestivum was predominantly expressed in the root under non-stress conditions. Similar to GaZnF, its mRNA level in the root was 30 times higher than that in the leaf (Kam et al. 2007). It was found that GaZnF was also responsive to different heavy metal treatments. "
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ABSTRACT: Zinc finger proteins are encoded by the genes chiefly involved in stress resistance hormone signal transduction of plants. In this study, a cDNA encoding a zinc finger transcription factor was isolated by the yeast one-hybrid system from Gossypium arboreum using the MYB-box element of the universal stress gene (GUSP1) promoter as bait. The corresponding protein (named GaZnF) can bind specifically to a 13 bp MYB-box region. The GaZnF cDNA is 1093 bp in length, including a 510 bp open reading frame. The predicted GaZnF protein contains ANI-A20 motifs and shares a high sequence similarity with zinc finger proteins from other plants. Spatial expression pattern of GaZnF was studied under drought, heavy metals and salt stresses through real-time PCR. The gene showed enhanced expression under each stress treatment with maximum transcript abundance in root tissues. The results support the hypothesis that G. arboreum zinc finger proteins are involved in plant response to drought, salt and heavy metal stresses.
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ABSTRACT: RING finger proteins comprise a large family and play key roles in regulating growth/developmental processes, hormone signaling and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. A rice gene, OsBIRF1, encoding a putative RING-H2 finger protein, was cloned and identified. OsBIRF1 encodes a 396 amino acid protein belonging to the ATL family characterized by a conserved RING-H2 finger domain (C-X2-C-X15-C-X1-H-X2-H-X2-C-X10-C-X2-C), a transmembrane domain at the N-terminal, a basic amino acid rich region and a characteristic GLD region. Expression of OsBIRF1 was up-regulated in rice seedlings after treatment with benzothaidiazole, salicylic acid, l-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid and jasmonic acid, and was induced differentially in incompatible but not compatible interactions between rice and Magnaporthe grisea, the causal agent of blast disease. Transgenic tobacco plants that constitutively express OsBIRF1 exhibit enhanced disease resistance against tobacco mosaic virus and Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and elevated expression levels of defense-related genes, e.g. PR-1, PR-2, PR-3 and PR-5. The OsBIRF1-overexpressing transgenic tobacco plants show increased oxidative stress tolerance to exogenous treatment with methyl viologen and H2O2, and up-regulate expression of oxidative stress-related genes. Reduced ABA sensitivity in root elongation and increased drought tolerance in seed germination were also observed in OsBIRF1 transgenic tobacco plants. Furthermore, the transgenic tobacco plants show longer roots and higher plant heights as compared with the wild-type plants, suggesting that overexpression of OsBIRF1 promote plant growth. These results demonstrate that OsBIRF1 has pleiotropic effects on growth and defense response against multiple abiotic and biotic stresses.
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